Mozambique

Lessons Learned Mozambique – October 2013

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Evaluation and Lessons Learned
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1.1 SITUATION REVIEW In early 2013, severe seasonal flooding hit southern Mozambique and caused widespread damage to infrastructure, while displacing segments of the population. In the lower Limpopo river basin flooding caused damage to road infrastructure and interrupted regular supply routes. Camps were set up to support displaced populations and relief items were moved into the affected areas. An estimated 150,000 people were initially thought to have been displaced with the number expected to rise as the rainy season continued over the course of the operation.

The Government of Mozambique led relief efforts with support from the humanitarian community.
Humanitarian Organisations’ operations were scaled up to prevent the situation becoming worse.
The Logistics Cluster was called upon by the Humanitarian Country Team to provide common logistics support and services to the Government and the humanitarian community for the emergency phase of the response.

1.2. CLUSTER “ACTIVATION” PROCESS
In response to a request for assistance from the Government of Mozambique’s Disaster Management Agency (Instituto Nacional de Gestão de Calamidades -INGC), seven clusters formulated response plans for immediate life-saving and early recovery needs. It was felt that a successful response to the situation depended on: efficient logistics services, capable of ensuring an uninterrupted supply of relief items to the affected areas being implemented; as well as the provision of vital ICT infrastructure and services to enable humanitarian workers to carry out operations effectively.

The Logistics and Emergency Telecommunications Clusters were therefore called upon by the Humanitarian Country Team to provide common logistics and emergency telecommunications support and services to the Government and the humanitarian community for the emergency and early recovery phases of the response. These services were designed to complement the capacity development activities undertaken by WFP under PRRO 200355.The Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation aimed at strengthening the capacity of the INGC to coordinate and manage natural disasters in regard to emergency preparedness and response.