Humanitarian Action for Children 2016 - Mozambique

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Total affected population: 1,500,000
Total affected children (<18): 850,000
Total people to be reached in 2016: 243,960
Total children to be reached in 2016: 67,920

2016 Programme Targets

- 27,500 children under 5 with SAM admitted to nutrition rehabilitation treatment programmes
- 150,000 pregnant and lactating women reached with IYCF services

- 120,000 people provided with access to safe water (7.5-15L per person per day)
- 120,000 people benefiting from hygiene promotion activities including point-of-use water treatment safe practices

El Niño conditions have resulted in Mozambique experiencing the worst drought in 30 years, severely impacting food security and agricultural production across the country. On 12 April 2016, the Government of Mozambique announced a Red Alert for 90 days due to the seriousness of the drought in the south and central regions. The provinces of Tete, Sofala and Zambezia in the central region and Maputo, Gaza and Inhambane in the south are most affected. Results from the food security and nutritional assessment released in March 2016, estimate that 1.5 million people are currently food insecure and 191,000 children are projected to be acutely malnourished over the next 12 months. Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) rates for children under 5 have reached emergency levels of 15 per cent in both Sofala and Tete provinces. Based on government estimates for 2016, 150,000 pregnant and lactating women will require support in Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) services; 500,000 people are in need of safe drinking water and 226,000 school children are in need of emergency school feeding. The continuation of the drought and the further deterioration of the situation has extreme implications for children, pregnant and lactating women and other vulnerable groups. In addition, security restrictions owing to military tensions add an additional layer of complexity for the implementation of sustained humanitarian assistance.