FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Below-average seasonal rains reduce 2016 production prospects, with particularly poor crop conditions in southern parts
Tight maize supply situation expected to continue in 2016/17 marketing year
Maize prices at end-December 2015 were well above their year earlier levels
Food security conditions expected to worsen in 2016 due to impact of El Niño‑associated dry conditions
Prospects for 2016 cereal crop are poor in central and southern regions
Rains since the start of the 2015/16 cropping season (October/June) have generally been below average in southern and central provinces, while more favourable rains were received in northern areas benefiting crop development. Although the increased precipitation during December 2015 and January 2016 partly alleviated seasonal dryness in the south and centre, large portions of the country still only received less than 50 percent of the average rainfall between October 2015 and January 2016, with the El Niño episode continuing to adversely impact the monsoon season. As a result, vegetations conditions are generally below average, particularly in southern Gaza province, implying an increased likelihood of reduced cereal yields for the 2016 crop.
Weather forecasts point to a continuation of similar rainfall patterns for the remainder of the season, with a higher chance of reduced rains in the centre and south, while near-normal rainfall is expected in northern provinces. Overall, the 2016 cereal output is anticipated to remain at a below-average level for a second consecutive year, with particularly poor harvests anticipated in southern areas.
Tight cereal supply situation expected to continue in 2016/17
The current unfavourable production outlook follows an already reduced 2015 cereal harvest, which resulted in a small increase to the maize import requirement for the almost concluded 2015/16 marketing year (April/March). In consideration of an expected second successive below-average maize harvest in 2016, import requirements in the 2016/17 marketing year are forecast to remain at similarly higher levels.
Prices of maize were well above their year-earlier levels
Prices of maize generally increased seasonally in the last quarter of 2015 and, as of early December, were up to double their year-earlier values. The elevated levels in 2015 largely reflect the tighter supply situation following the below-average 2015 harvest. The relative stability of the Metical (national currency) against the South Africa Rand, however, has helped to somewhat limit imported inflation, particularly given the record high maize prices in South Africa.
Food security conditions expected to worsen due impact of dry conditions
The impact of the current El Niño‑associated dry conditions is expected to result in a deterioration of food security conditions in 2016/17, due to reduced harvests and limited availability of seasonal farm labour opportunities, particularly in southern provinces. The higher maize prices are also negatively impacting on food access. The current food insecure population requiring assistance is estimated at 176 139 persons.