The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent (IFRC) Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) is a source of un-earmarked money created by the Federation in 1985 to ensure that immediate financial support is available for Red Cross Red Crescent response to emergencies. The DREF is a vital part of the International Federation’s disaster response system and increases the ability of National Societies to respond to disasters.
CHF 345 207 was allocated from the IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) on 1 February 2011 to support the Mozambique Red Cross Society (CVM)in delivering immediate assistance to some 15 000 beneficiaries over three months.
The southern and central provinces of Mozambique (Maputo City, Maputo Province, Gaza, Inhambane, Manica, Sofala, Tete and Zambézia) experienced heavy rainfall from December 2010 to March 2011. The situation was exacerbated by the rains which were also being experienced in neighbouring South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The floods resulted in the displacement of people and destruction of property. There was extensive damage of infrastructure, rendering roads inaccessib DREF final report Mozambique: Floods and Cholera le. Arable land and crops were also destroyed.
The CVM supported the government through mobilisation and movement of the affected people and their belongings to safer areas in designated relocation camps. The IFRC Southern Africa regional office provided technical support in all aspects of the relief operation. The DREF funds were used to procure and distribute non-food items, provide clean water and sanitation facilities and carry out hygiene promotion and preventative health activities.