FEWS Mozambique Food Security Update: 19 Nov 2002

from US Agency for International Development
Published on 19 Nov 2002

During the last ten-day dekad of October and the first ten-day dekad of November, above normal rains in central and southern Mozambique marked the onset of the rainy season.

The entire southern region (except for Maputo Province) and a large part of central region registered significant above normal rainfall, whereas in most of the northern region the observed rainfall was below normal values although the season does not normally start until December.

The weak tropical depression "Atang" provoked moderate rain in Cabo Delgado Province when it made landfall near the border between Mozambique and Tanzania on 12 November 2002. The affected districts were Ibo, Palma, Mocímboa da Praia, Mueda and Macomia in northern Cabo Delgado.

"Boura," the third tropical cyclone of the season, dissipated in Indian Ocean before threatening Mozambique.

The newly adopted Cyclone Warning System came into force on 1 November 2002. This system, which was developed by INAM and INGC in collaboration with FEWS NET MIND, is comprised by a cyclone severity category system and a color alert system and was first used for cyclone Atang.

The National Vulnerability Analysis Group in Mozambique is leading the second round of assessments on Food Security and Nutrition in November and December 2002. The objectives of this assessment are to evaluate the current food security situation through nutritional analysis and food security monitoring.

Food insecurity in urban areas is likely to increase due to the following factors: (a) rapid urbanization, (b) lack of access to land and rural transfers, especially in Maputo (c) high prices for staples, (d) changes in relative prices and availability of key commodities consumed by the poor, (e) regional dynamics such as the impact of changes in Southern Africa on urban food security and (f) other factors including HIV/AIDS, unemployment and declines in remittances.

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