MOZAMBIQUE / 2000 Appeal (Revised)
UN Consolidated Inter-Agency Appeal Government of Mozambique / FAO Agricultural Relief Component
Amount: US$13 190 000
NOTE: This appeal supersedes the one issued for US$ 2.5 million on 23 February.
This appeal relates to the agriculture and rural development sector of Mozambique, in addition to the fisheries sector. The present revision is the result of a much better understanding and realisation of the extent of the flood damage in these sectors. The objective of this appeal is to provide a comprehensive and urgent response to the complex emergency and rehabilitation needs of an estimated 122 600 rural families in southern and central provinces of Mozambique. This will enable these families to begin rebuilding their livelihoods. For livelihoods to be restored quickly, it is of critical importance that immediate support is provided to the second crop production season, which has just started (March/April through June), and also towards the main agricultural season starting in September 2000.
While this appeal is already substantially larger than the first appeal, it covers by no means the medium to longer term rehabilitation and reconstruction requirements of the agricultural and rural development sector. It is expected that in-depth assessments covered under this appeal will provide a much clearer picture of the magnitude of longer term reconstruction requirements.
It should be noted that in addition to the farming community, there are large population groups dependent on small-scale fishing, forest and natural resource exploitation, as well as marketing and trading activities for their livelihoods. It is the objective that under this appeal, initial measures are taken to address the most urgent needs towards restoring their livelihoods.
Thus, the overall objective is to restore food security and improve the nutritional status of rural and urban population groups through support to staple food production, livestock farming, rehabilitation of fisheries, support to forestry and natural resource sectors, and in support of agricultural marketing activities. Support to food security monitoring and assessment comprises an important complementary activity.
FAO issued two special alerts in capitals on 23 February and 3 March 2000 on the effects of the unprecedented floods on the crop production and the agricultural sector.
Excessive rainfall followed by unprecedented flooding in the Maputo, Gaza, Sofala, Inhambane and Manica provinces has caused tremendous loss to standing crop and livestock, in addition to important infrastructure (including homesteads, feeder roads and market infrastructure, irrigation schemes, farm equipment, and animal disease control facilities). Other rural livelihood systems have also been destroyed, including those of small-scale fishermen, rural households dependent on wood and other forest products for their main source of income, as well as those of small traders and marketers. The loss to the farmers in the affected areas is compounded by the fact that a significant number of farmers already had to re-plant their crops due to long dry-spells in the earlier part of the rainy season.
The agriculture, fisheries and forestry sectors are the most important economic sectors in Mozambique, as they provide livelihood security in varying degrees to more than 80 percent of the population. These sectors contribute 31 percent to national GDP (1997) and 61 percent to total export earnings.
Preliminary assessments of the flood affected areas:
Latest estimates, obtained from district and provincial level authorities, and compiled by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MADR) indicate that 126 600 rural households have been affected by the flooding. Of these, a very large proportion are farming families, which have been displaced and lost their fields, homesteads, agricultural equipment, livestock and other assets. An estimated 139 000 hectares planted to crops have been destroyed or seriously affected; the crops in order of importance are maize, beans, rice, sweet potatoes, groundnuts and vegetables; food and seed stocks have been destroyed.
In terms of livestock, it is estimated that 70-80% of the livestock population (approximately 350 000 cattle, goats and sheep mainly) have been seriously affected. There is also the threat of an increase in vector-borne diseases.
Important irrigation schemes have been destroyed, from a total irrigated area covering approximately 20 000 ha.
Markets and local food supply systems have been completely disrupted in at least 12 major market centres.
Agro-industry and agro-processing activities have been seriously affected or destroyed.
In the small-scale fishing community, nearly every means of earning a livelihood has been destroyed, as an estimated 50 percent of the boats, fishing nets and other fishing gear have been washed away and around 5 800 fisher-folk have been affected.
Households dependent on cash income from the sale of fuel-wood, charcoal and other wood and non-wood products have lost their implements.
As flood waters are receding, greater access to the affected areas is now possible, and farming families are returning to their homesteads, or what is left of it. This appeal addresses the emergency needs of families returning to their villages, and will provide them with a means to re-build their homes and their main source of survival.
In addition to food needs, emergency support in the agricultural sector includes seed packs, basic tools, fishing gear, and veterinary assistance, as well as funds for operational and logistical support at district level. Furthermore, immediate, in-depth field assessments are required, for a better understanding of the most important short-term requirements for the rural livelihoods to be re-established. Finally, immediate support to restore essential services and critical equipment of importance to the agricultural sector is required.
The activities to be implemented are summarised as follows:
- Support to the Emergency Group (EG) of MADR to co-ordinate emergency interventions to the agricultural sector and to provide technical assistance, including conducting an in-depth and multi-disciplinary assessment of the extent and nature of the damage caused to various farming and other rural livelihoods.
- Immediate provision of a standard emergency package of seeds and tools to the worst affected farmers for crops to be planted for the current second cropping season (starting in March/April until June).
- Immediate provision of vegetable seeds to improve the nutritional situation of the flood-affected households.
- Immediate support to the production of good-quality seed and seed multiplication activities at farmers' level.
- Provision of seeds for the main 2000/01 cropping season starting in September 2000.
- Immediate supplies of veterinary drugs and rehabilitation of diagnostic capacity.
- Immediate support to the managed exploitation of forest products to help rural families rebuild their homesteads, and have adequate access to fuel-wood.
- Urgent support to small-scale fishing communities to help restore their most important source of food intake.
- Re-establishment of rural marketing infrastructure in support of reviving the rural economy as quickly as possible.
As emergency response activities are being undertaken, MADR and the Ministry of Fisheries is placing greater emphasis on the formulation of a post-emergency rehabilitation programme to be completed by the 2000/2001 agricultural season starting in September 2000.
In consultation with the Government of Mozambique, FAO plan to field jointly with WFP a crop and food supply assessment mission as soon as the conditions permit (tentatively around mid-March). The mission will evaluate damage to crop and losses due to the floods, assess the 2000 food crop production and estimate import requirements for 2000-2001, including food aid needs.
FAO is also recruiting an Emergency Co-ordinator to assist the Agricultural Emergency Coordinating Unit at the Ministry of Agriculture. Funded by OCHA initially for one month at a cost of 70 000 USD, this can be extended to cover a total of six months, bringing the amount to 140 000 USD.
Responsibility for Implementation
Government Responsible Institution: MADR
Partner UN Agency: FAO
Other Partners: national and international NGO's, civil society and the private sector.
An Emergency Group (EG) for the co-ordination of the response and rehabilitation programmes has been set up for the agricultural sector in MADR with technical assistance support from FAO. Through the EG, an updated assessment of affected farming communities, agricultural production area lost, and of most urgent agricultural needs has been carried out. Additional information is being obtained from the Ministry of Fisheries, and from other development partners, including NGOs, donor agencies and the private sector.
Resource requirements for immediate assistance to food production and recovery of the agricultural, fisheries and forestry sectors have been estimated at US$13.19 million. Detailed profiles for specific interventions are being prepared. The assessment of the capacities and needs will be updated with the increased access and understanding of the impact of the crisis on the agricultural sector.
Should you wish to contribute to a project (total or partial costs), a project document can be made available.
Summary of Government of Mozambique / FAO Appeal
Target: 126 600 rural households
- Coordination of emergency agricultural activities
- Provision of emergency agricultural inputs (seeds)
- Seed multiplication
- Provision of veterinary medicine
- Managed use of forest products
- Support to fishing communities
- Support to rural marketing infrastructure
Appeal amount: US$ 13 190 000
For further information, please contact
Ms. Anne M. Bauer (E-mail: Anne.Bauer@fao.org)
Chief, FAO Special Relief Operations Service (TCOR).