Disaster Relief Team
The following is a report on emergency flood relief (provision of supplies) to the Republic of Mozambique as authorized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs at 6:15 pm, March 10 (Wed), after consultations with the Ministry of Finance.
1. Emergency Situation
Continuous heavy rains fell in the four provinces of Inhambane, Sofala, Tete, and Zambezia in mid-February. During the 6-day period of Feb 21 to 26, some regions experienced 573 milliliters of rainfall (70% of the average annual rainfall of 800 milliliters); 234 milliliters were recorded on Feb 22 alone.
As a result, the major rivers of the region overflowed, causing significant damage to residential areas and flooding 50,000 hectares of farmland nationwide.
The government of Mozambique reports that 15 people have died as a result of the floods, and that the total number of people affected has surpassed 400,000, at least 170,000 of which are in need of emergency assistance.
2. Response of the Government of Mozambique
Mozambique's embassy in South Africa issued a verbal message on behalf of the government appealing for emergency assistance to overseas diplomatic establishments. In addition, the government made an urgent request to visiting personnel from the Japanese embassy in South Africa for international and, especially, Japanese emergency relief.
3. Response from the International Community
1. South Africa: provision of a transport helicopter. Currently considering a final disbursement of approximately $2.2 million.
2. US: $25,000 for transport of food supplies. Further aid is currently being considered.
3. UNDP: 2 weeks of food supplies for flood victims The UK, France, Germany, and Sweden are also considering aid.
4. Response of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and JICA
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs received the request for emergency relief from the government of Mozambique, and after consultations with the Ministry of Finance, authorized provision of the following supplies through JICA:
1. tents (15-man): 8
plastic sheeting: 12 rolls
soap: 1800 bars
2. Transport schedule: Arrangements are being made for transport to Maputo on the earliest possible flight.
Personnel from JICA's South Africa office are scheduled to be dispatched to Maputo in order to facilitate clearance of the supplies through customs and to make arrangements for a equipment presentation ceremony.