Mozambique

Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP): Mozambique Floods and Cyclone Flash Appeal 2007

Format
Appeal
Source
Posted
Originally published


1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

The Humanitarian Country Team is appealing for a further US$ 24 million(1) to support the Government of Mozambique in its efforts to address the emergency needs arising from the floods in the Zambezi River Basin and the impact of Cyclone Favio in Inhambane and Sofala Provinces. The Mozambique Flash Appeal for Floods and Cyclone has been developed through collaborative efforts of United Nations agencies, the Government of Mozambique, and international and national humanitarian organisations present in Mozambique, under the framework of the Cluster Leadership Approach.

On 4 February 2007, the Instituto Nacional de Gestão de Calamidades (INGC), the National Disaster Management Institute of Mozambique, declared a “red alert” calling for the evacuation of communities along the Zambezi River Basin, as rising water levels threatened to flood low-lying areas. Heavy rains in Mozambican territory created this threat, as well as in the neighbouring countries of Zambia and Malawi, which also feed the Zambezi River and its tributaries. An estimated 285,000 people have been affected by the floods; of these 163,000 have been displaced, with some sheltered in newly established accommodation centres, and some in resettlement centres created after the flood emergency in 2001.

National authorities managed to mitigate the potential flood damage by carefully controlling and coordinating the discharge rate from the Cahora Bassa Dam. The success of the national emergency coordination and response efforts can be attributed to the extensive preparedness and response planning that had been ongoing throughout the year, under the leadership of the INGC. This process was further strengthened at the advent of the rainy season in October, with the preparation of national, provincial and district contingency plans for flood prone-areas, and the pre-positioning of essential supplies for emergency response.

On 22 February 2007, Mozambique suffered the brunt of yet another natural disaster, when Cyclone Favio made landfall in Vilanculos, in the coastal province of Inhambane. An estimated 150,000 people were affected by the cyclone. Essential infrastructures, as well as health centres and educational facilities, in affected areas were severely damaged. Additionally, thousands of hectares of crops were destroyed.

The Government of Mozambique, through coordination by the INGC, with the support of line ministries at national, provincial and district levels, has been leading the emergency response process in both the flood and cyclone emergencies. National and regional emergency operations centres (CENOEs) were activated by the INGC, in order to ensure the effective coordination of evacuation, rescue and relief operations carried out by national and international, civil and military actors.

The United Nations, under the leadership of the Resident Coordinator, and the wider international humanitarian community in Mozambique decided to apply the Cluster Approach as a framework to complement Government emergency coordination efforts. The nine clusters created in the Mozambique context mirror the sector working groups created in the national and regional CENOEs, and have contributed to a more coordinated, timely and predictable approach to humanitarian response to the flood and cyclone emergencies.

While the Government of Mozambique prioritised the allocation of funds for the disaster response to the floods and cyclone emergencies, national resources are not sufficient to meet the humanitarian needs of the affected populations. The international humanitarian community in Mozambique has therefore been supporting national emergency response efforts through various resource mobilisation mechanisms. In the initial phase of the flood response, UN agencies and other humanitarian partners reprogrammed existing resources to meet the emergency needs. The Humanitarian Country Team in then jointly developed a request for humanitarian assistance to the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) managed by the Emergency Relief Coordinator (ERC). The ERC allocated $10.76 million to the response, enabling the humanitarian community in Mozambique to scale up immediate response activities in support of overall Government coordination and response efforts.

The Mozambique Flash Appeal represents a portion of the intermediate financial needs required by Cluster partners to continue key life-saving humanitarian activities in response to the flood and cyclone emergencies. The priority initiatives included in this appeal were identified through a consultative process within and between the nine Clusters created, as well as with the INGC and line ministry counterparts. The initiatives are based on data deriving from preliminary rapid assessments and ongoing multi-sector assessments conducted jointly by government counterparts, UN agencies, national and international non-governmental partners in affected areas.

It is important to note that the needs contained in the Mozambique Flash Appeal do not represent the entirety of requirements for the floods and cyclone emergency response. Individual UN agencies and partners are investing their own emergency resources in the humanitarian response, but the pledges and commitments received from donors in-country and globally thus far do not meet the totality of the needs as outlined in this appeal. (The appeal aims to count all suitably high-priority and coordinated project proposals. Organisations that have not counted their proposed projects in this common appeal may still do so anytime; the added projects and funding will be reflected on line.)

Though water levels continue to decrease in flood-affected areas, and clean-up and restoration of services has begun in cyclone-affected areas, it is not yet clear how long populations will remain displaced and in need of assistance.

While the Humanitarian Country Team’s response plan focuses mainly on relief and early recovery, the Government of Mozambique launched a reconstruction plan on 05 March 2007 to address recovery issues in the disaster-affected areas. The overall objectives of the $70.9 million plan are to reduce vulnerability of affected populations, and restore normality to the social and economic conditions of natural disaster-affected areas through continued humanitarian and resettlement assistance, the restoration of agricultural and economic activity, and the rehabilitation of basic services and infrastructures. Sectors addressed in the Government Plan include: Education, Health, Agriculture, and Water. The plan also provides a framework for the relocation and resettlement of populations currently sheltered in accommodation centres – including the provision of land, tools and construction materials, as well as special assistance to the most vulnerable populations (e.g.: female-headed households, orphaned and vulnerable children and their caregivers, the chronically ill and the disabled, etc.).

The Humanitarian Country Team in Mozambique will continue to support relief efforts, assisting affected populations while they remain in accommodation centres, and as they transition towards longer-term recovery and rehabilitation. It has also been agreed within the Humanitarian Country Team that efforts should be strengthened to more effectively address early recovery needs, in order to ensure a smooth transition from relief to recovery and reconstruction. Coordination mechanisms will be reinforced between the Humanitarian Country Team and national and international development partners to create improved linkages between early recovery and development. Capacity will also be strengthened to ensure an effective development response to the medium- and long-term aspects of Government early recovery, reconstruction and rehabilitation plans.

Mozambique Flash Appeal for Floods and Cyclone 2007
Summary of Requirements - by Cluster*
as of 20 March 2007
http://www.reliefweb.int/fts
* The amounts appealed for in the CERF and Mozambique Flash appeal for Floods and Cyclone represent only a portion of funding requirements to meet the needs of the emergency response to the floods and cyclone emergencies. It is important to note that appealing organisations and other cluster members have invested emergency resources in carrying out response activities to date.
Compiled by OCHA on the basis of information provided by the respective appealing organisation.
Cluster
Full Requirements ($)
Committed CERF Funding
Other commitments or contributions
Unmet Requirements
CAMP COORDINATION & CAMP MANAGEMENT
600,000
600,000
EARLY RECOVERY
500,000
500,000
EDUCATION
2,557,255
418,575
2,138,680
EMERGENCY TELECOMMUNICATIONS
308,599
120,223
45,600
142,776
FOOD SECURITY
19,606,660
3,911,209
986,508
14,708,943
HEALTH
4,637,962
1,684,105
73,000
2,880,857
INFORMATION MANAGEMENT & COORDINATION
382,000
382,000
LOGISTICS
3,190,713
2,368,475
822,238
NUTRITION
467,000
467,000
PROTECTION
1,333,258
464,027
869,231
SHELTER & NON-FOOD ITEMS
1,605,340
795,010
10,000
800,330
WATER, SANITATION & HYGIENE
2,430,895
1,001,355
1,429,540
CLUSTER NOT YET SPECIFIED
1,705,205
(1,705,205)
TOTAL
37,619,682
10,762,979
2,820,313
24,036,390

The list of projects and the figures for their funding requirements in this document are a snapshot as of 20 March 2007. For continuously updated information on this appeal’s projects, funding requirements, and contributions to date, visit the Financial Tracking Service (www.reliefweb.int/fts).

On-going contributions from Cruz Vermelha Mozabicana (CVM) and Médecins sans Frontières (MSF) in terms of emergency shelter are difficult to estimate at this moment.

*NOTE: evolving practice is to show funding per 'sector' (or sometimes 'cluster') following the sector groupings used in country, to be in accordance with the coordination structures on the ground and in the appeal text. Funding per standard IASC sector is also tracked (see Annex IV), because the fixed standard allows comparison across appeals. FTS on-line tables will offer both groupings.

Mozambique Flash Appeal for Floods and Cyclone 2007
Summary of Requirements - by Appealing Organisation
as of 20 March 2007
http://www.reliefweb.int/fts
Compiled by OCHA on the basis of information provided by the respective appealing organisation.
Organisation
Full Requirements* ($)
Committed CERF Funding
Other commitments or contributions
Unmet Requirements
AA
75,000
75,000
Concern
144,870
144,870
CVM
100,000
100,000
FAO
2,942,929
1,102,609
1,840,320
FHI
111,000
111,000
GAA
432,400
432,400
IOM
1,812,310
795,010
10,000
1,007,300
MDM
120,000
120,000
OCHA
157,000
157,000
SC
987,670
987,670
UNDP
1,120,834
395,834
725,000
UNFPA
931,872
505,072
73,000
353,800
UN-HABITAT
393,030
393,030
UNESCO
356,370
356,370
UNICEF
7,128,968
2,667,518
1,705,205
2,756,245
WFP
18,569,957
4,901,464
1,032,108
12,636,385
WHO
1,545,472
395,472
1,150,000
WVI
690,000
690,000
TOTAL
37,619,682
10,762,979
2,820,313
24,036,390

The list of projects and the figures for their funding requirements in this document are a snapshot as of 20 March 2007. For continuously updated information on this appeal’s projects, funding requirements, and contributions to date, visit the Financial Tracking Service (www.reliefweb.int/fts).

* A portion of the “Full Requirements” amount includes proposals put forth by appealing organisations to bilateral donors, which have not yet been funded.

** Please note that the needs presented in this appeal do not reflect the global need for the response. It is only the need presented by the appealing organisations. However, all organisations with suitably high-priority projects are welcome to have them counted in this appeal.

Note

(1) All dollar figures in this document are United States dollars. Funding for this appeal should be reported to the Financial Tracking Service (FTS, fts@reliefweb.int), which will display its requirements and funding, updated daily, on the CAP 2007 page (http://www.reliefweb.int/fts).

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • Table I. Summary of Requirement – By Cluster
  • Table II: Summary of Requirements – By Appealing Organization

2. CONTEXT AND NEEDS ANALYSIS
  • 2.1 CONTEXT
  • 2.2 NEEDS ANALYSIS

3. RESPONSE PLANS
  • 3.1 FOOD SECURITY
  • 3.2 WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE (WASH)
  • 3.3 HEALTH CLUSTER
  • 3.4 NUTRITION
  • 3.5 EDUCATION
  • 3.6 PROTECTION
  • 3.7 SHELTER CLUSTER
  • 3.8 CAMP COORDINATION AND CAMP MANAGEMENT
  • 3.9 INFORMATION MANAGEMENT AND COORDINATION
  • 3.10 EMERGENCY TELECOMMUNICATIONS
  • 3.11 EARLY RECOVERY
  • 3.12 LOGISTICS

4. ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES

ANNEX I: SUMMARY OF THE EMERGENCY APPEAL OF THE INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION OF RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT SOCIETIES

ANNEX II: EARLY RECOVERY DIAGRAM – DEVELOPED BY UNDP-BCPR

ANNEX III: INGC TABLE ON LOCATIONS AND NUMBERS OF AFFECTED POPULATIONS IN THE ZAMBEZI RIVER BASIN FLOOD EMERGENCY

ANNEX IV: REQUIREMENTS BY (STANDARD) SECTOR

ANNEX V: ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS

Note: The full text of this appeal is available on-line in Adobe Acrobat (pdf) format and may also be downloaded in zipped MS Word format.

Volume 1 - Full Original Appeal [pdf* format] [zipped MS Word format]
* Get the Adobe Acrobat Viewer (free)

For additional copies, please contact:

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Tel.: (41 22) 917.1972
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E-Mail: cap@reliefweb.int

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