Child-centred Disaster Risk and Vulnerability Assessment
Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation are cross-cutting themes in joint programmes of the Government of Mozambique and UNICEF. A Child-centred Risk and Vulnerability Assessment is a fundamental step to improve UNICEF’s targeting of those children which live in particularly disaster prone regions. Apart from that, it aims to ensure the integration of disaster risk reduction in the development process rather than considering it as a separate component. In view of this, this exercise was carried out parallel and complementary to the Situation Analysis (SitAn). The results and recommendations of this assessment can also help in advocating and fund-raising for disaster risk reduction and climate change programming.
This exercise is also based on UNICEF’s refocus on equity. Thorough analysis among and within countries showed that reaching the most deprived children and families is not only more cost effective but also accelerates the progress towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals. The study ‘Narrowing the Gap’ shows that child mortality, undernutrition and other deprivations are concentrated in those harder to reach groups and that targeting them would save many more lives and have much greater impact than implementing interventions in “better off” areas. UNICEF at a global level is therefore increasing its efforts in trying to reach the most vulnerable and underserved children and families.
This report first provides a short overview on disasters in Mozambique and child vulnerability. It then explains which methodology was used to establish the disaster risk and child vulnerability indices. The next chapter provides basic information on the occurrence and impact of floods, cyclones and droughts in Mozambique and shows the risk maps for these three disasters. The tables on the district level risk ranking, which form the basis of these maps, are in the Annex. Chapter 4 explains the indicators which were used to establish the child vulnerability index: multi-dimensional deprivations, education, nutrition and HIV/AIDS. Since the issue of children’s vulnerability and deprivations is elaborated thoroughly in the above mentioned Situation Analysis carried out by UNICEF, no deeper analysis is provided here. Instead, the result of the ranking – the maps – are presented, while the background data can be found in the Annex. Chapter 5 summarises the main results of the exercise and the last chapter draws some conclusions in view of the future use of this assessment.