ACT Appeal Mozambique: Drought Relief - AFMZ 41

Originally published


Appeal Target: US$ 595,030
Balance Requested from ACT Alliance: US$ 2,295,783

Geneva, 7 April 2004

Dear Colleagues,

For the last three agricultural seasons most of the southern African countries have been experiencing drought of varying proportions with the worst drought experienced during the 2001/2002 cropping season affecting approximately 14 million people in the region with Malawi, Zimbabwe and Zambia being the most affected. Other countries affected were Mozambique, Lesotho, Swaziland, and parts of South Africa. With the high poverty levels in the region, the majority of the rural communities have not recovered from the effects of drought and millions of people struggle daily to survive. Coping mechanisms have mostly been eroded for the majority of people as the hunger situation forced them to sell off their valued assets such as livestock. A lot of people therefore are still surviving through relief assistance from the international community.

In Mozambique the number of food insecure people seems to have been increasing over the last two years with the situation reported to be worse in the southern part of the country. According to the ODJ regional consolidated report for Southern Africa, approximately 970,000 people in Mozambique are exposed to the current drought which is worse in the provinces of Maputo, Gaza, Inhambane, and Tete. Assistance is most urgently needed in Maputo, Gaza, Inhambane, Sofala, Manica and Tete Provinces. The latest Vulnerability Assessment Committee (VAC) report claims that the affected people require immediate and continued assistance in 2004. VAC membership includes, UNDP, WFP, FAO, local and international NGOs and the government of Mozambique.

ACT member the Ecumenical Committee for Social Development (CEDES) carried out extensive needs assessments in various districts of Maputo, Inhambane, and Gaza, provinces and their findings confirmed the seriousness of the food crisis. Many families are foraging for wild fruits and vegetables to survive and they walk long distances in search of water. CEDES is proposing an assistance programme comprising food distribution, nutritional feeding program for children, provision of seeds and tools as well as provision of water through well and dam construction.

The Presbyterian Church of Mozambique (PCM/IPM) and the Christian Council of Mozambique (CCM) may form part of the appeal at a later stage.

ACT is a worldwide network of churches and related agencies meeting human need through coordinated emergency response.

The ACT Coordinating Office is based with the World Council of Churches (WCC) and the Lutheran World Federation (LWF) in Switzerland.

Project Completion Date: 31 December 2004

Summary of Appeal Targets, Pledges/Contributions Received and Balance Requested

Total Appeal Target(s)
Less: Pledges/Contr. Recd.
Balance Requested from ACT Network

Please kindly send your contributions to the following ACT bank account:

Account Number - 240-432629.60A (USD)
Account Name: ACT - Action by Churches Together
8, rue du Rhône
P.O. Box 2600
1211 Geneva 4
Swift address: UBSW CHZH12A

Please also inform the Finance Officer Jessie Kgoroeadira (direct tel. +4122/791.60.38, e-mail address of all pledges/contributions and transfers, including funds sent direct to the implementers, now that the Pledge Form is no longer attached to the Appeal.

We would appreciate being informed of any intent to submit applications for EU, USAID and/or other back donor funding and the subsequent results. We thank you in advance for your kind cooperation.

For further information please contact:

ACT Director, Thor-Arne Prois (phone +41 22 791 6033 or mobile phone + 41 79 203 6055)


ACT Appeals Officer, John Nduna (phone +41 22 791 6040 or mobile phone +41 79 433 0592)

ACT Web Site address:

John Nduna
Acting Director, ACT
Co-ordinating Office


Ecumenical Committee for Social Development (CEDES)


The Ecumenical Committee for social Development (CEDES) is a non-profit organisation that was formed in 1996 and registered in 1997. It replaced the Repatriation, Resettlement, and Rehabilitation (RRR) Programme that was launched in 1993 by "Caritas Mocambicana", The Christian Council of Mozambique and the Lutheran World Federation (LWF).

The Sixteen years of destabilisation and civil war ended in Mozambique in 1992 when a peace accord was signed in Rome. The churches jointly played an influential role in peace- making, thus making it possible for two million people in Mozambique, who had fled to the neighbouring countries to return home. There were also millions of people who were also displaced inside the country hence the RRR Programme was established to carry out social activities up to 1996. In May of 1996 a consultation meeting with its founding organisation and international partners (NEC-RRR) concluded that the return, reintegration and rehabilitation program had largely been met and consequently the organisation was transformed into CEDES.

As it is clear in the Ecumenical policy that, CEDES should work in co-operation with CCM, Caritas and LWF who are represented on its board. This means that there is a co-ordination at local level to prevent duplication of activities among the Churches and other organisations in the same area. In addition to its office in Maputo, CEDES has offices in Moamba (Maputo Province), Massingir and Manjacaze(Gaza Province), Maxixe and Inhassoro (Inhambane Province), Chibabava, Inhaminga, Marringue and Beira(Sofala Province) and Lichinga in (Niassa Province).


During the period October 2002 up to May 2003 CEDES, carried out emergency activities in which it assisted 6,439 families, in Moamba, Massingir, Manjacaze, Inhassoro, Vilanculos and Chibabava. The activities consisted in involving the communities in agriculture practice cultivating crops resistant to droughts, such as cassava, sugar been, sweet potato, bean cowpea, peanut and vegetables so as to reduce community vulnerability during periods of drought. In addition it distributed food for immediate assistance.

Lessons Learned

  • Provide small irrigation systems for agricultural activities in the rural areas;
  • Train volunteers and communities on disaster preparedness and mitigation;
  • Reinforce CEDES capacity in order to better response to draught and emergency as a whole;
  • Continue with seeds distribution for next season;
  • Continue with food distribution since the last agriculture season was considered a failure;
  • Link the drought emergency program with HIV/AIDS program;
  • Encourage communities to grow drought resistance crops as a strategy to reduce hunger and mal-nutrition in the future.
  • Find a way of providing water to the communities particularly the vulnerable groups and the schools children.
  • To focus on women and give them a priority in CEDES activities ensuring that they are assisted as they the most affected group in the communities

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