Mozambique

ACT Appeal Mozambique: Disaster Preparedness AFMZ-11

Format
Appeal
Source
Posted
Originally published

Attachments


Appeal Target: US$ 105,295
Geneva, 1 February 2001

Dear Colleagues,

The International weather forecasts are indicating atmospheric precipitation above normal in the Africa Southern Region, and Mozambique is likely to experience another flood and possible cyclones in early 2001, although of less magnitude than last year. The Mozambique National Institute for Disaster management (INGC) has predicted an 80% probability of flooding in the Gaza province.

The ACT members, Lutheran World Federation - Mozambique Program (LWF/WS), Christian Council of Mozambique (CCM), and the Presbyterian Church (IPM) that responded in the last flood disaster are working on disaster preparedness to respond in the eventuality of another flood. To that aim, there has been collaboration among themselves on resource availability and sharing. One area of mutual co-operation will be that of communications. Also the members have agreed to co-ordinate the various training initiatives open to them.

In order to enhance their preparedness, LWF/WS and the Presbyterian Church of Mozambique (PCM) proposes the following activities:

  • Staff training in assessment, response strategy and use of emergency water equipment
  • Procurement of material aid for shelter, food, water and sanitation.
  • Improved radio communication
  • Conducting regular ACT member Coordination meetings on emergency response planning
  • Creation of local community teams for emergency response
  • Regular ACT members coordination meetings.

Project Completion Date: 28 February 2001

Summary of Appeal Targets, Pledges/Contributions Received and Balance Requested


LWF/WS

PCM
Total Target US$
Total Appeal Targets
76,568
28,727
105,295
Less: Pledges/Contr. Recd
Balance Requested from ACT Network
76,568
28,727
105,295

Please kindly send your contributions to the following ACT bank account:

Account Number - 102539/0.01.061 (USD)
Account Name: ACT - Action by Churches Together
Banque Edouard Constant
Cours de Rive 11
Case postale 3754
1211 Genève 3
SWITZERLAND

Please also inform the Finance Officer Jessie Kgoroeadira (direct tel. +4122/791.60.38, e-mail address jkg@act-intl.org) of all pledges/contributions and transfers, including funds sent direct to the implementers, now that the Pledge Form is no longer attached to the Appeal.

We would appreciate being informed of any intent to submit applications for EU, USAID and/or other back donor funding and the subsequent results. We thank you in advance for your kind cooperation.

ACT is a worldwide network of churches and related agencies meeting human need through coordinated emergency response.
The ACT Coordinating Office is based with the World Council of Churches (WCC) and the Lutheran World Federation (LWF) in Switzerland.

ACT Web Site address: http://www.act-intl.org

Ms. Geneviève Jacques Thor-Arne Prois Rev. Rudolf Hinz
Director ACT Coordinator Director
WCC/Cluster on Relations LWF/World Service

I. REQUESTING ACT MEMBER INFORMATION

Lutheran World Federation, Mozambique Programme (LWF Mozambique)

II. IMPLEMENTING ACT MEMBER & PARTNER INFORMATION

The Lutheran World Federation (LWF), a program of the Lutheran World Federation in Geneva, has been active in Mozambique since 1977 and has had a signed agreement with the Government of Mozambique since 1986. It has always concerned itself in an operational manner with the plight of displaced people, refugees and returnees namely through emergency relief and rehabilitation, capacity and confidence building in development. LWF has ample experience in all aspects of assisting people in need regardless of race, gender, religious belief, nationality, ethnic origin or political persuasion. The organisation is working towards the establishment of self-sustaining and independent communities, communities which participate voluntarily in the socio-economic and political development of their country. LWF is currently working on emergency rehabilitation under ACT Appeal AFMZ01.

Implementing Partners

LWF Mozambique is working closely with the Christian Council of Mozambique (CCM) and the National Ecumenical Committee (CEDES). During the recent emergency LWF shared emergency material aid with CCM, and has worked closely with CEDES in the emergency response in Greater Maputo and subsequently in the rehabilitation activities in Khongolote. Two CEDES staff are currently on secondment to LWF.

III. DESCRIPTION of the EMERGENCY SITUATION

Background

In February and March 2000, cyclones and torrential rain caused disastrous flooding in Mozambique. LWF along with other ACT partners, CCM and the Presbyterian Church (IPM), launched appeal AFMZ01 to respond to this emergency, with immediate relief followed by rehabilitation activities. LWF’s rehabilitation work under this appeal is due to continue to the end of February 2001.

However, due to its tropical, coastal location and its low-lying land, Mozambique is subject to repeated floods, cyclones and droughts over the years. Natural disasters are an annual reality in Mozambique and should be properly prepared for.

Current Situation

Weather forecasts are indicating atmospheric precipitation above normal in Africa Southern Region, and Mozambique is likely to experience another flood and possible cyclones in early 2001, although not of the same magnitude as the last season. Of the provinces that Lutheran World Federation operates in, Gaza, Sofala and Maputo are the most likely to be affected by floods and cyclones in 2001. The National Institute for Disaster Management (INGC) believes that the probability of flooding in Gaza to be 80%.

LWF is envisioning a best case (1) and worst-case (2) emergency scenario in 2001:

  • Significant flooding in some Provinces, which affect crops, cut roads and displaces some 50,000 people in need of assistance.
  • Devastating flooding in several Provinces, close to the same magnitude as 2000 but possibly in different areas. Crops are destroyed, roads cut and may families displaced and living in camps for several months. 350,000 to 800,000 people in need of assistance.

February, the month when the floods and cyclones hit last year, is only weeks away. LWF would like to put in place disaster preparedness plans to assist 10,000 people if either of these scenarios were to happen. All material procurement and training undertaken would be of a durable nature, meaning the items in stock could be used in coming years or for other types of disasters such as droughts or plagues.

Impact On Human Lives

To date there has been no loss of life due to flooding or cyclones in 2001.

Description of Damages

To date, some flooding in Tete Province has resulted in loss of agricultural crops.

Locations for Proposed Response

Of the provinces that Lutheran World Federation operates in, Gaza, Sofala and Maputo are the most likely to be affected by floods and cyclones in 2001. Emergency preparedness stock would be split between 3 locations.

Forty percent (40%) would be located in Maputo city, the south of Mozambique, to enable quick response to a disaster in the main metropolitan area and because of the proximity of an international airport. Then 20% of the stock would be positioned in Chokwe, 205-km to the Northwest of Maputo, where LWF’s Gaza project is based. This area was most severely affected by the floods of 2000, and was also cut off by road. The remaining 40% of the stock would be positioned in Nhamatamba near Beira, the capital of the Sofala province in the central part of Mozambique 936 km north of Maputo. This town is strategically located at road junctions enabling easy movement of stock north-west to Tete, south to Muxungue or Inhambane province.

This stock could be re-located to wherever the disaster strikes.

Disaster and Emergency Statistics

The National Meteorology Institute (INAM) has recently presented its forecast for the coming months. It said the country would face "normal" or "above" normal rainfall in the 2000/2001 rainy season. Even normal rains are likely to cause flooding, due to the high water table and saturated soils remaining from the 2000 flood. It warned that the chances of above normal rainfall were 35% in the centre of the country and 30% in the south and north.

LWF staff are observing heavy rainfalls in Tete, and unseasonable weather patterns in Gaza and Maputo.

Current Security Situation

The security situation remains stable, although tension still remains around the disputed 1999 Presidential elections.

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