ACT Appeal Mozambique: Community-Based Disaster Preparedness AFMZ-51

Originally published


Appeal Target: US$ 350,968

Balance Requested from ACT Alliance: US$ 162,834

Geneva, 21 March 2005

Dear Colleagues,

Mozambique has many areas that are prone to periodic natural disasters and for the last five years Mozambique has suffered through drought, floods and cyclones, often on a disastrous scale. In this context, ACT Mozambique members, with the Lutheran World Federation Mozambique as the lead agency have come together to issue this ACT appeal to address preparedness and mitigation at both organisational and community levels. Specific activities have been programmed that will ensure that the systems, procedures and capacity building at local community levels to confront natural disasters are in place to provide timely assistance to those affected.

The following are the specific objectives: To increase the effectiveness and impact of emergency preparedness and response of ACT Mozambique by improving and strengthening ACT Mozambique and the individual ACT members' institutional capacity. To develop clear strategies and structures at national, provincial and district levels to ensure that ACT Mozambique and its individual members can maintain an effective and sustainable preparedness and response system. Strengthen Community Based Preparedness through the ongoing work of ACT members. Strengthen national and regional co-ordination mechanisms for emergency preparedness and emergency response

ACT is a global alliance of churches and related agencies working to save lives and support communities in emergencies worldwide. The ACT Co-ordinating Office is based with the World Council of Churches (WCC) and The Lutheran World Federation (LWF) in Switzerland. This appeal also includes information on a Christian Aid initiative. Their proposal is fully funded with their own funds. A three- day regional meeting with a select number of their partners in the region will be held in Maputo in May 2005. During this workshop Christian Aid, together with its partners, will review their disaster mitigation and preparedness strategies, and then follow up at country level giving partners the opportunity to apply to a central fund held by Christian Aid.

Project Completion Date:

31 March 2006

Summary of Appeal Targets, Pledges/Contributions Received and Balance Requested
LWF and Partners
ACT CO. Case Study
Total US$
Appeal Targets
Less: Pledges/Contr Recd
* 63,134
Balance Requested from ACT Alliance
* Balance from ACT Appeal AFM Z42: Assistance to Refugees in Maratane

Please kindly send your contributions to either of the following ACT bank account:

USD Account Number - 240-432629.60A IBAN No: CH46 0024 0240 4326 2960A
Euro Bank Account Number - 240-432629.50Z IBAN No: CH84 0024 0240 4326 2950Z
Account Name: ACT - Action by Churches Together
UBS AG 8, rue du Rhône P.O. Box 2600 1211
Swift address: UBSW CHZH12A

Please also inform the Finance Officer Jessie Kgoroeadira (direct tel. +4122/791.60.38, e-mail address of all pledges/contributions and transfers, including funds sent direct to the implementers, now that the Pledge Form is no longer attached to the Appeal.

We would appreciate being informed of any intent to submit applications for EU, USAID and/or other back donor funding and the subsequent results. We thank you in advance for your kind co-operation.


  • Ecumenical Committee for Social Development (CEDES)

  • Christian Council of Mozambique (CCM)

  • Lutheran World Federation (LWF)

  • Igreja Presbyterian de Mozambique (PCM/ IPM)

  • Christian Aid (CA)


Ecumenical Committee for Social Development (CEDES) CEDES was established in August 1992 by the Christian Council for Mozambique, Caritas Mozambique and the Lutheran World Federation as the National Ecumenical Committee for Rehabilitation Resettlement and Reintegration (RRR). CEDES works in co-operation with CCM, Caritas and LWF, who are represented on its board. There is co-ordination at local level to prevent duplication of activities between the church and related organisations. In addition to its office in Maputo, CEDES has offices in Moamba (Maputo province), Sofala, Inhambane, Gaza and Niassa provinces.

Christian Council of Mozambique (CCM) The Christian Council of Mozambique (CCM) is a church based organisation formed in 1948 by the main line churches like the Methodist, Anglicans and Presbyterians. Presently it is constituted by 24 different denominations both the main line as well as few of the small denominations including two Associations (The Bible Society and the Scripture Union).

In 2000 ACT/CCM implemented a relief program that assisted 24,900 families (approximately 125,000 people) in the Provinces of Maputo, Gaza, Inhambane and Sofala; the four Provinces that were heavily hit by the floods and cyclones. Later on a follow up program that assisted 1,245 most vulnerable groups with houses was also carried out and an expanded and varied seed distribution was made in November / December. ACT/CCM works countrywide with offices in each province and in some districts as well as administrative posts and localities.

The Lutheran World Federation A program of the Lutheran World Federation in Geneva, has been active in Mozambique since 1977. It has always been engaged in an operational manner with the plight of displaced people, refugees and returnees namely through emergency relief and rehabilitation, capacity and confidence building in development. LWF has ample experiences in all aspects of assisting people in need regardless of race, gender, religious belief, nationality, ethnic origin or political persuasion. The organisation is working towards the establishment of self-sustaining and independent communities which can participate voluntarily in the socio-economic and political development of their country.

The Presbyterian Church of Mozambique (PCM) The PCM was founded at the end of the 19th century (1887) and has a long historical presence in the province of Gaza and Maputo. Its local churches, mission stations and health clinics place PCM directly within the affected communities. The PCM has 38 parishes, 90 local congregations with a total of 80,000 members, 45 ordained clergy and 25 evangelists.

PCM has been a member church of the Christian Council of Mozambique for 52 years. The relief and development department of the PCM has carried out numerous relief and development projects.

Christian Aid Mozambique (CA) Christian Aid Mozambique is not operational in Mozambique but works through eight partners that focus on: HIV/AIDS; food security and livelihoods; strengthening local organisations so they can fight against poverty and inequality. After the 2000 floods where CA assisted through other agencies, it was decided to establish a small office.


Background Mozambique has the highest level of human poverty in the SADC region. A total of 46 percent and 37 percent of the population of Mozambique are without access to sanitation and safe water respectively. Mozambique’s GNP per capita in 1995 was US $80, the lowest in the SADC region. Poverty levels appear to be considerably higher in rural than in urban areas. Looking at the whole country, the poverty level in rural areas averages 71%, as against 62% in urban areas. Poverty in rural Sofala is as high as 92 % of the population.

The education level of women correlates strongly with poverty, particularly in rural areas. In rural areas, schooling rates hardly depend on income levels. In urban areas, however, they do. Yet, the chance of a child going to school depends much more on whether it lives in an urban or a rural area and on gender than it does on income levels. Similarly, the urban/rural variable explains access to health services and water supply much more than poverty levels do.

Since independence in 1975, Mozambique has been victim to drought, floods, cyclones, massive war-provoked population displacements, coastal oil spills, erosion and landslides, wildfires, pests, epidemics (cholera, bubonic plague, and meningitis), El Nino and large transportation accidents. The greatest hazard by far is floods. The floods of early 2000 could possibly be classified as unique in the past ‘100 years’. The Umbeluzi, Save, Sabie, Movene, Incomati and Limpopo rivers reached unprecedented flood levels. It would have been difficult to prevent flooding because of the sheer size of the disaster, but if communities had been better prepared – if people had not been living in areas close to the rivers, if houses had been stronger and elevated - the size of the emergency could have been reduced. However, in view of the present level of development in Mozambique, much more work needs to be done.

After successive floods in the Limpopo Valley (1976/77), the Buzi and Pungue Valleys (1978) and the Zambezi Valley (1979), the Government established in 1980 in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs a Department for the Prevention and Combat of Natural Disasters (DPPCCN) to co-ordinate the massive international relief.

Multiparty democracy, peace, stability and economic reforms are giving Mozambique a fresh start on the road to growth and development. Many of the macro-economic indicators have visibly improved, and in many cases have surpassed the targets set in the program of governance. This has brought renewed sense of optimism in the future, despite the country’s high degree of vulnerability, which was demonstrated by the floods 2000 and 2001.

(pdf* format - 374 KB)

For further information please contact:
ACT Director, White Rakuba (phone +41 22 791 6033 or mobile phone + 41 79 203 6055)
or ACT Program Officer, Michael Hyden (phone +41 22 791 6040 or mobile phone +41 79 433 0592)
ACT Web Site address: