Mozambique

ACT Appeal Mozambique - Assistance to Drought Affected - AFMZ22

Format
Appeal
Source
Posted
Originally published

Attachments


Appeal Target: US$ 3,424,153
Geneva, 23 September 2002

Dear Colleagues,

ACT members in Mozambique have reported that, according to FAO/WFP reports and the Mozambique Ministry of Agriculture 515,000 people in 43 different districts in the provinces of Gaza, Inhambane, Manica, Maputo, Sofala, and Tete, will require food aid from the month of September 2002 to March 2003. The food shortages in the country are a result of severe dry weather during the 2001/2002 cropping season which sharply reduced crop yields in the southern and central parts of the country. This comes after devastating floods in both 2000 and 2001 which affected some of the areas now facing food shortages. In addition to erratic rainfall, the overall economy is affected by reduced cash remittances from South Africa, particularly for households in southern Mozambique. In times of declining cash remittances, female headed families are unable to hire labour for cultivation, reducing the area planted and household crop production. In southern Mozambique, women head up to 60% of the rural households. For this group, the coming months will be particularly difficult.

Although, Mozambique had an increase of 5% cereal production from 2001 it still had a food deficit of 642,000mt. It should be noted that the northern region of the country had an overall surplus of 100,000Mt, but this could not be transported economically to the south due to long distances, poor infrastructure, and the proximity of markets to Malawi. The people in the southern part of the country are becoming increasingly hungry, and it is reported that some of the affected families are already resorting to eating wild fruits, seeds, and berries and their nutritional status is consequently deteriorating rapidly.

ACT Mozambique members, the Christian Council of Mozambique (CCM), the Lutheran World Federation - Mozambique Program (LWF/WS), the Presbyterian Church of Mozambique (PCM/IPM), and the Ecumenical Committee for Social Development (CEDES) are proposing assistance for approximately 178,756 people in the affected provinces of Maputo, Gaza, Inhambane, Sofala, Manica, and Tete. Assistance comprises: relief food, seeds and tools.

Project Completion Date: 31 May 2003

Summary of Appeal Targets, Pledges/Contributions Received and Balance Requested

CCM
CEDES
IPM
LWF
Targets US$
Total Appeal Targets
561,227
1,163,442
771,294
928,190
3,424,153
Less: Pledges/Contr. Recd
Balance Requested from ACT Network
561,227
1,163,442
771,294
928,190
3,424,153

Please kindly send your contributions to the following ACT bank account:

Account Number - 240-432629.60A (USD)
Account Name: ACT - Action by Churches Together
UBS SA
PO Box 2600
1211 Geneva 2
SWITZERLAND

Please also inform the Finance Officer Jessie Kgoroeadira (direct tel. +4122/791.60.38, e-mail address jkg@act-intl.org) of all pledges/contributions and transfers, including funds sent direct to the implementers, now that the Pledge Form is no longer attached to the Appeal.

We would appreciate being informed of any intent to submit applications for EU, USAID and/or other back donor funding and the subsequent results. We thank you in advance for your kind cooperation.

For further information: ACT Web Site address: http://www.act-intl.org

Ms. Geneviève Jacques
Director
WCC/Cluster on Relations
Jessie Kgoroaedira
Acting Director
ACT
Robert Granke
Director
LWF/World Service

ACT is a worldwide network of churches and related agencies meeting human need through coordinated emergency response.

The ACT Coordinating Office is based with the World Council of Churches (WCC) and the Lutheran World Federation (LWF) in Switzerland.

I. REQUESTING ACT MEMBERS INFORMATION

  • Christian Council of Mozambique (CCM)
  • Lutheran World Federation (LWF)
  • Igreja Presbyterian de Mozambique (PCM/ IPM)
  • Ecumenical Committee for Social Development (CEDES)
  • Christian Aid (CA)

II. IMPLEMENTING ACT MEMBER AND PARTNER INFORMATION

ACT Mozambique Network comprising the Lutheran World Federation, Christian Council of Mozambique, the Presbyterian Church of Mozambique, Ecumenical Committee for Social Development (CEDES), and Christian Aid is seeking to provide food aid and much needed seeds to vulnerable communities affected by the current drought in Mozambique.

Christian Council of Mozambique is a Church based organisation formed in 1948 by the main line churches such as the Methodist, Anglicans and Presbyterians. Presently it constitutes 24 different denominations both the main line as well as few of the small denominations including two Associations (The Bible Society and the Scripture Union).

In 2000 ACT/CCM implemented a relief program that assisted 24,900 families (approximately 125,000 people) in the Provinces of Maputo, Gaza, Inhambane and Sofala; the four Provinces that were heavily hit by the floods and cyclones. Later on a follow up program that assisted 1,245 most vulnerable groups with housing was also carried out and an expanded varied seed distribution was made in November / December. ACT/CCM works countrywide with offices in each province and in some districts as well as administrative posts and localities.

The Lutheran World Federation, a program of the Lutheran World Federation in Geneva, has been active in Mozambique since 1977. LWF has had a signed agreement with the Government of Mozambique since 1986. It has always concerned itself in an operational manner with the plight of displaced people, refugees and returnees namely through emergency relief and rehabilitation, capacity and confidence building in development. LWF has experience in all aspects of assisting people in need regardless of race, gender, religious belief, nationality, ethnic origin or political persuasion. The organisation is working towards the establishment of self-sustaining and independent communities, which participate voluntarily in the socio-economic and political development of their country.

ACT/LWF responded to the 2000 floods in Gaza, Sofala and Maputo in ACT Appeal AFMZ01 and has completed its rehabilitation activities. LWF engaged in a full range of crisis and rehabilitation activities included food security, temporary and permanent shelter, temporary and permanent water and sanitation, road, school and health post rehabilitation. More than 86,000 people were assisted in water activities alone.

The Presbyterian Church of Mozambique (PCM/IPM) was founded at the end of the 19th century (1887) and has a long historical presence in the province of Gaza and Maputo. Its local churches, Mission stations and health clinics place PCM directly within the affected communities. The PCM has 38 parishes, 90 local congregations with a total of 80,000 members, 45 ordained clergy and 25 evangelists.

PCM has been a member church of the Christian Council of Mozambique for 52 years. The relief and development department of the PCM has carried out numerous relief and development projects.

Ecumenical Committee for Social Development (CEDES) was established in August 1992 by the Christian Council for Mozambique, Caritas Mozambique and the Lutheran World Federation as the National Ecumenical Committee for Rehabilitation Resettlement and Reintegration (RRR). This followed the signing of the Peace Accord in 1992. In 1996 following consultation with its founding organisation and international partners the National Ecumenical Committee for Repatriation, Resettlement and Rehabilitation (NECRRR) concluded that the need for the return reintegration and rehabilitation programme had largely been met and the organisation was transformed into CEDES.

CEDES works in co-operation with CCM, Caritas and LWF, who are represented on its board. There is co-ordination at local level to prevent duplication of activities between the church and related organisations. In addition to its office in Maputo, CEDES has offices in Moamba (Maputo province), Sofala, Inhambane, Gaza and Niassa provinces.

III. DESCRIPTION OF THE EMERGENCY SITUATION

Background

The ACT Mozambique partners have come together to assist close to 178,756 people in an effort to assist communities' hit by the current food shortages in the country, which is starting to gain momentum. This ACT response is intended to help the communities cope during the short-term, but also closely links the assistance to the return to normal pre-emergency life. ACT Mozambique interventions will focus on six Provinces: Maputo, Gaza, Inhambane, Sofala, Manica, and Tete.

The severe dry weather during the 2001/2002 cropping season sharply reduced crop yields in southern and parts of central Mozambique. This comes on the heels of devastating floods in both 2000 and 2001 in some of the same areas. Although national cereal production is up 5% from 2001, there still remains a deficit of 642,000 Mt. The northern region of the country had an overall surplus of 100,000 Mt, but this cannot be transported economically to the south due to long distances, poor infrastructure, and the proximity of markets in Malawi.

In addition to erratic rainfall, the overall economy is affected by reduced cash remittances from South Africa, particularly for households in southern Mozambique. In times of declining cash remittances, families headed by women are unable to hire labour for cultivation, reducing the area planted and household crop production. In southern Mozambique, women head up to 60% of the rural households. For this group, the coming months will be particularly difficult.

WFP reported on August 2 that it has sufficient cereal stocks to cover 70% of the needs in Mozambique until the end of September but urgently requires beans from August onwards. Re-assessments jointly conducted by the government, WFP, FEWS NET, and other partners are planned within the next few weeks in order to refine estimates of humanitarian needs in all relevant sectors.

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