Mongolia

Mongolia: Floods DREF Operation No. MDRMN002

Attachments

GLIDE n° FL-2009-000140-MNG

The International Federation's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) is a source of un-earmarked money created by the Federation in 1985 to ensure that immediate financial support is available for Red Cross and Red Crescent response to emergencies. The DREF is a vital part of the International Federation's disaster response system and increases the ability of national societies to respond to disasters.

CHF 240,000 (USD 224,073 or EUR 157,897) has been allocated from the Federation's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support the National Society in delivering immediate assistance to some 10,000 beneficiaries. Unearmarked funds to repay DREF are encouraged. The major donors to the DREF are the Irish, Italian, Netherlands and Norwegian governments and ECHO.

Details of all donors can be found on: http://www.ifrc.org/what/disasters/responding/drs/tools/dref/donors.asp

Summary: On 17 July 2009, severe flooding occurred in the Bayanzurkh and Khan-Uul districts of Ulaanbaatar city, and in the Tseel and Togrog soums of the Gobi-Altai province, as well as some areas of Dundgobi and Tov provinces. A total of 24 people have reportedly been killed - a high number relative to the total population. Some 1,975 households have been significantly affected by the floods, out of which 124 households have completely lost their homes, while thousands of heads of livestock have died.

The Mongolian Red Cross Society (MRCS) is planning to provide immediate relief assistance to 1,900 families or approximately 10,000 individuals, in these affected areas.

This operation is expected to be implemented over three months, and will therefore be completed by 20 October 2009; a Final Report will be made available three months after the end of the operation on 20 January 2010.

The situation

On 16 and 17 July 2009, extremely heavy rains fell on urban and rural areas of Mongolia. As a result, severe flooding occurred in the Bayanzurkh and Khan-Uul districts of Ulaanbaatar city, and in the Tseel and Togrog soums of the Gobi-Altai province, as well as some areas of Dundgobi and Tov provinces.

A total of 24 people have reportedly been killed - a high number relative to the total population. Around 1,975 households have been significantly affected by the floods, which is an estimated 10,000 individuals.

Due to poor weather conditions and stress on livestock from continued flooding, the death toll of livestock in the eastern provinces is expected to increase.

Initial assessments show that damage has been very serious in some areas. There are reported losses to infrastructure, increasing the risks of individuals being exposed to harsh weather conditions, unclean water and poor sanitation.

The full extent of general damage and economic loss is not yet finalized. It is highly likely that one of the main needs arising from further assessments may be to support the renewal of livelihoods activities, given the extent of damage to livestock.

Damages identified were as follows:

- 124 households lost their homes;

- many other homes were damaged;

- household items were lost and carried away by flooding;

- fences were destroyed and carried away;

- pit latrines and waste water holes overflowed, causing hygiene and sanitation concerns;

- water pipes and electricity lines were damaged;

- roads were obstructed by stones and flowing water; and

- two bridges were damaged.

The National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) is jointly working with other related organizations in the affected areas, focusing their combined efforts on clearing blocked roads and reconstructing bridges. The costs related to these infrastructure operations are covered by the government. The government also is planning to establish temporary camps for those who are displaced using school buildings.

According to the weather forecast for the coming days, it is estimated that flooding will continue during this month.

Map - Mongolia: Floods (as of 21 Jul 2009)