Minor Emergency No.05ME053; Final Report; Period covered by the report: 20 August -- 20 December 2005 DREF
Launched on 9 September 2005 for 1 month to assist 3,000 beneficiaries
Plan of action revised and time frame extended until 31 December 2005
Disaster Relief Emergency Funds (DREF) allocated: CHF 50,000 (USD 38,850 OR EUR 32,041)
Background and Summary
This final report on the Moldova floods relief operation covers activities taking place between 20 August 2005 and 20 December 2005. The operation was extended from a closing date of 30 September 2005 to 31 December 2005 in order to ensure the completion of scheduled activities.
As a result of heavy rains (up to 65 mm/m2), accompanied by severe storm winds and regional hail that hit Moldova on 18-20 August 2005, 2 municipalities (Chisinau and Balti) and 15 districts in the north and central parts of Moldova -- with a population of over one million people -- have been affected. More than 170 settlements (which constitute 23% of the total number of settlements in the affected 15 districts) are located in the disasterstricken area.
A total of 102 families in Chisinau and approximately 300 families in 38 villages were evacuated by the government. The districts of Edinet, Criuleni, Briceni, Nisporeni, Riscani and the capital of Chisinau were hardest hit. According to Emergency Department reports, the total number of directly affected people was over 6,500 and the estimate of damages and losses due to the disaster is approximately 95,605,000 Moldovan Lei (EUR 6,310,560.00).
Rivers, water reservoirs, and several small lakes located near the villages overflowed, with the water level surpassing retaining walls by more than 2-4 metres in some places. The flooding caused severe damage and completely ruined public and private buildings (over 1,200 in the most affected 38 villages), destroyed and damaged electricity and telecommunication lines (over 200 settlements had up to one-week disruptions in electricity supply) , activated landslides, damaged 3 dams and 15 bridges, and made 86.5 kilometres of roads unusable. In the four most affected districts alone, the flooding ruined 11,991 hectares of farmlands. Furthermore, the flood waters overran about 1,000 private and public wells, compelling people to use the unsanitary water for drinking, bathing, and cooking purposes. Local authorities put their main efforts into the reinforcement of dams and reconstruction of infrastructure. Rescue teams and local authorities cleared up the mess and assessed the damage. Private citizens' and municipal contractors' best efforts enabled cleanup work to complete in one month. Some 1,000 military personnel were engaged in building 25 new houses for the people affected by floods in the capital; these houses were finished before the winter season.
The Moldova Red Cross Society (MRC), with the support of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (the Federation) and in close cooperation with local authorities, completed the programme of distributing humanitarian aid to 541 families (1046 people) affected by the August floods in Chisinau (including 2 settlements in suburbs) and 2 districts (6 settlements). During the disaster, this programme included the distribution of food parcels, hygienic kits, bed linen sets, and blankets; in addition to these, kitchen sets and mattresses were distributed during the recovery period.
During the course of the relief operation, after the disaster response activities, the National Society revised their plan of action - which was outlined in the Minor Emergency Appeal launched on September 9th - and redirected efforts from relief to rehabilitation. As a result of these efforts, more than 2,000 people were able to access sanitary drinking water.
The budget was also revised according to the new plan of action. The majority of activities under the revised plan of action were completed by the end of December.
During the course of operation, the Federation Delegation for Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine monitored and provided support to the Moldova Red Cross Society as required.
Individual branches of the National Society have been in daily contact with the relevant authorities and the Emergency Department to monitor the situation and to develop their response initiatives. The National Society President, as a member of the Government Humanitarian Aid Commission, has taken part in all coordination meetings relating to the floods situation. As a principal emergency response agency operating in the field, the National Society maintained close contacts with the Emergency Department, local administrations and media.
At the emergency relief stage, the MRC also coordinated its assistance to affected people with a non-governmental organisation, "Our Home is Chisinau", in order to prevent duplication of efforts.
For information specifically related to this operation please contact:
- In Moldova: Moldova National Red Cross Society, Larisa Byrka, President, email: email@example.com, phone:+318.104.22.168.44, fax +322.214.171.124.00; Vasile Chernenky, Disaster Management Coordinator, email: firstname.lastname@example.org , phone: +3126.96.36.199.24, fax+3188.8.131.52.24
- In Belarus: Delegation for Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine, Miro Modrusan, Acting Head of Delegation, email email@example.com, phone 41.22.730.43.24; fax 41.22.733.03.95; Valentina Sosnovaya, Disaster Management Officer, email: firstname.lastname@example.org, phone: +3184.108.40.206.37, fax+3220.127.116.11.60
- In Geneva: Miro Modrusan, Federation Regional Officer, Europe Department, Geneva; email: email@example.com; phone 41.22.730. 43.24; fax 41.22.733.03.95
All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Non-Governmental Organisations (NGO's) in Disaster Relief and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response (Sphere) in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable.
For longer-term programmes in this or other countries or regions, please refer to the Federation's Annual Appeal. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for national society profiles, please also access the Federation's website at http://www.ifrc.org
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