Following the completion of the immediate search and rescue tasks, President Peña Nieto issued instructions to launch a three-stage action plan to serve the affected population: Protection, Registration and Reconstruction.
Today, six months after the September earthquakes, Mexicans are back on their feet and working on the reconstruction of the over 190,000 damaged properties, including homes, schools and public and cultural infrastructure, and we are promoting the economic reactivation of the businesses affected.
According to the record of damages, over 171,000 homes were affected (111,000 sustained partial damage while over 60,000 were damaged beyond repair). To support the victims, over 160,000 cards from the Natural Disaster Fund (FONDEN) and over 56,000 FONDEN Housing cards (exclusively for the purchase of materials) have been granted to more than 90% of those affected, for the sum of over 7.78 billion pesos. We still have to deliver cards to nearly 10,000 people. Some of these beneficiaries have not been able to be located, so it is important for these people go to the BANSEFI modules to collect the corresponding cards.
There are over 20,000 schools that have been damaged (210 were damaged beyond repair, over 6,000 sustained partial damage and over 12,000 were only slightly affected). Over 20 billion pesos are available for their repair, including funds from FONDEN, the 100% Schools Program and Education Reform, and the Property Insurance contracted by the Secretariat of Public Education (SEP). The reconstruction of schools is progressing and practically all the students affected have returned to school: 13.9 million students resumed classes in over 100,000 schools and over 80% of the seriously damaged schools are being repaired. As a contingency measure, 3.2% of students are taking classes in other buildings, alternative locations or temporary classrooms.
Although more than 900 health units were affected by the September earthquakes, health services continue to operate. The estimated cost of reconstruction in the sector is almost nearly 4 billion pesos. The IMSS, ISSSTE and PEMEX buildings are insured, so damage will be covered by their policies and resources.
In December, President Peña Nieto delivered the new “Dr. Belisario Domínguez” General Hospital in Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas, and in February of this year, the General Hospital of Izúcar de Matamoros, in Puebla, which was seriously affected.
The earthquakes damaged more than 2,000 historical monuments in 11 states. Six months later, more than 360 cultural assets have been restored, including 12 archaeological sites. Brigades of specialists, in which more than 1,000 technicians coordinated by the INAH participate, have been organized, while an expert in every state certifies the procedures to be followed. The Secretariat of Culture presented a 30-month plan divided into three stages of work: By October 2018, more than 1,200 buildings will have been restored, and by June 2020, the restoration work will have been completed.
To boost to the businesses affected , the Secretariat of Economy (SE), through the National Entrepreneur’s Institute (INADEM), has provided support to over 12,000 businesses, for the sum of 122.3 million pesos.
The solidarity of the private sector was reflected in over 2 billion pesos for reconstruction works defined by the same sector. In order to ensure transparency in the donations received by civil organizations and authorized trusts, the Tax Administration Service (SAT) made it compulsory to report on the destination of these resources. The information received so far can be consulted at: http://www.sat.gob.mx/terceros_autorizados/donatarias_donaciones/Paginas/sismos_septiembre_2017.aspx
In September 2017, two large earthquakes struck Mexico. The first one, on the 7th, affected the states of Oaxaca, Chiapas and Tabasco with one of the highest intensities registered in our country. Nearly two weeks later, on September 19, the second earthquake affected the inhabitants of Mexico City, Morelos, Puebla, State of Mexico, Hidalgo and Guerrero. As a result, 471 people lost their lives and thousands were left homeless.
Following the completion of the immediate search and rescue tasks, President Peña Nieto issued instructions to the various agencies to launch a three-stage action plan to serve the affected population: Protection, Registration and Reconstruction.
During the Protection stage, 187 shelters were installed that provided temporary shelter to over 5,000 victims and food for 14,000 people. Likewise, over 500,000 food parcels were delivered and over 324,000 medical, psychological, emergency and hospitalization services were delivered.
During the Registration stage, a census was taken to verify and quantify material losses.
In order to address the great challenge of Reconstruction, FONDEN resources were used, together with the insurance contracted by government authorities and private donations, which, since the first emergency have been channeled through the Fuerza México Trust. The Expenditure Budget of the Federation 2018 provides additional resources for reconstruction.