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Regional Response to the Northern Triangle of Central America Situation Factsheet - June 2016

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HIGHLIGHTS

146,000
Refugees and asylum-seekers (2016 projection)

234,000
Returned population from USA and Mexico to NTCA (2016 projection)

190,000
IDPs from 20 municipalities in Honduras (2016 projection)

CONTEXT

  • In recent years, the Northern Triangle of Central America countries – El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras – have seen a dramatic escalation in violence by organized criminal groups. Current homicide rates are among the highest ever recorded in the region and are as deadly as many contemporary armed conflicts.

  • In 2015, asylum applications from citizens from NTCA countries nearly doubled with a growing number of women and girls and unaccompanied and separated children.

  • More than 230,000 citizens from NTCA countries were apprehended by authorities and returned to their countries of origin in 2015. This is nearly a two-fold increase compared to 2011.

  • Forced internal displacement due to the violence in the NTCA also appears widespread, although data remains fragmented.

  • This supplementary appeal is presented as a follow-up of the Protection and Solutions Strategy for the Northern Triangle of Central America launched in December 2015. The appeal outlines UNHCR’s protection and solutions interventions planned for 2016 to respond to additional and most urgent needs of refugees, asylum-seekers, returnees and internally displaced persons from the NTCA in countries of origin, transit and asylum. It encompasses Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Panama.