Mexico Earthquake Humanitarian Situation Report No. 5 - 6 October 2017
Search and rescue activities are now concluded. Government efforts are focused on reconstruction and continued response to the affected populations.
Final data reports 369 deaths, including 10 foreigners. Out of 228 deaths in Mexico City, 29 were children. (Source: Protección Civil. Oct.4)
4 million students from 10 affected states will be temporary relocated in other schools. (Source: SEP).
Families in Mexico City will be able to access credits to buy or repair their houses for up to US$111,000 to be paid in 20 years at a 9% annual rate. (Source: Presidencia).
UNICEF has made a public appeal for putting children at the centre of the private and public recovery and reconstruction plans.
UNICEF´s response plan on child protection and education has started implementation in Oaxaca (11 child friendly spaces to date),
Puebla (100 School in a Box kits delivered) and Chiapas (45 teachers trained). Chiapas and Morelos will start next week with the installation of child friendly spaces.
Storm Ramón is now hitting Mexico, affecting 15 states and causing heavy rains in Oaxaca and Chiapas.
Child Protection: 11 child friendly spaces established in Oaxaca with an average of 600 children attending weekly; 51 CFS facilitators trained: 31 in Puebla; 20 in Mexico City.
WASH: 3,930 hygiene kits integrated with in kind donations.
Education: 100 school-in-a-box kits delivered in Puebla; 45 teachers trained in psychosocial support in Chiapas.
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
Ten schools collapsed in the region of Istmo Costa, affecting 1,872 students. To address the learning needs of these children, the Ministry of Education in Chiapas expressed the need for 74 temporary learning spaces, along with School-in-a-Box and ECD kits.
In Tonalá, Chiapas, there is only one shelter left open, which receives 44 children on a daily basis. World Vision has installed 3 child friendly spaces in this municipality, attending to an average of 110 children per day. UNICEF coordinated with World Vision and the Chiapas Ministry of Education for the training of facilitators and teachers on psycho-social support.
Political tensions among different parties in Juchitan and neighboring municipalities is very evident, to the point of suspending a UN mission for security reasons. Aid coordination is an important issue, and the military has been asked to organize some of the larger shelters (called “mega-albergues”). UNICEF staff on mission in Oaxaca this week report a lack of sanitation facilities in the shelters and that the population in these shelters will soon increase as demolitions begin.
On the education sector, the ongoing tension between the Oaxaca Ministry of Education and the Teachers’ Union has stalled the reopening of schools. In Oaxaca, 367 temporary learning spaces are being built to attend to 133, 000 students. (Source: El Universal). There is still no clarity on when the schools will finally open.
Mexico City, Puebla y Morelos
5,287 schools have been certified as safe and are operating normally in Mexico City. This represents 57% of all schools in the city: 4,000 schools remain closed. Restrictions to return to school are maintained in Tlahuac and specific neighbourhoods of Iztapalapa and Xochimilco. (Source: SEP).
UNICEF staff visited 15 shelters in 4 municipalities to determine where to install child friendly spaces. Most of the shelters are only used during the day, receiving children at lunch time or in the afternoons to play or participate in activities organized by volunteers.
Morelos reports 200 schools that are severely damaged, while Puebla reports 7,278 schools that are still closed, with 62 schools requiring complete reconstruction. To date 956,000 children are still out of school.
During the week of 9 September, 11 child friendly spaces will be opened in Puebla and 5 others will be opened in Morales.