Mexico Earthquake Humanitarian Situation Report No. 4 - 29 September 2017
Government efforts are focusing on reconstruction and continued response to the affected populations. Oaxaca and Chiapas have finalized survey of damages and losses. People in these states will receive electronic cash for house reconstruction or purchase of construction materials.(Source: Presidencia de la República.27.09)
The two earthquakes have resulted in 12,931 schools damaged in 9 states, of which 600 are severely damaged. (Source: SEP. 27.09)
The Ministry of Education (MoE) is implementing the 8-step plan for a gradual return to school. All public schools must be officially certified for safety conditions to be declared fit for reopening. UNICEF continues negotiating with MoE for a larger scale intervention on affected schools.
MoE estimates US$716 million budget requirement for school repair and reconstruction. (Source: SEP. 27.09)
UNICEF has made a public appeal for putting children at the centre of the private and public recovery and reconstruction plans.
UNICEF´s response plan on child protection has begun implementation in Oaxaca and Puebla. Chiapas and Morelos will start next week with the installation of child friendly spaces.
Teacher´s training on psychological support has started in Oaxaca; 100 school-in-a-box kits have been delivered to Puebla at MoE request.
Fifty nursing and psychology students, who will be in charge of operating the child friendly spaces, were trained this week.
Two additional child friendly spaces for psychosocial support were installed in in Juchitán, Oaxaca, in partnership with Save the Children.
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
In spite of Government efforts and investment plans to help families recover from the earthquakes, in terms of social protection, there are no clearly targeted compensation plans for affected families. Financial subsidies will be given only to those who are classified to be under ‘patrimonial’ poverty, wherein they could receive up to USD$600 per household. UNICEF foresees the increase in the number of poor families, especially those which have lost their properties and other assets. Research, communication and advocacy efforts will be increased to propose targeted cash transfers in emergencies for families with children under 5 and for female headed households.
UNICEF Mexico continues to deploy staff to Oaxaca, Chiapas, Puebla and Morelos this week.
Eight municipalities were visited and assessment conducted by UNICEF staff. In general, shelters have electricity, drinking water, kitchens, hygiene kits and health services, however they lack adequate hygiene, sanitation and handwashing facilities, and there are no separate bathrooms for children. In several cases, the Army is staying in the shelters alongside families with children. All shelters visited are found to have adequate conditions to install child friendly spaces. Three municipalities have particularly vulnerable conditions: Xadani (indigenous population, 70% of households damaged), Reforma de Pineda (migrant town with 2,700 inhabitants, 800 houses damaged) and San Blas Atempa (almost 1,000 people displaced, of which 390 are children, visible stress among population). UNICEF also visited macro-shelters (military-organized shelters) in Juchitan, which remain empty given the preference of families to stay near their houses. Population size in shelters might increase once demolitions start. Bad weather conditions (heavy rains) require special measures for child friendly spaces (CFS) and temporary learning spaces (TLS). Efforts in terms of disaster risk reduction are being made to ensure that CFS’ and TLS’ are not exposed to flooding or landslide hazards.
There are 42 shelters in this state and 72 community kitchens. UNICEF staff visited 2 shelters in Jojutla, where temporary learning spaces will soon be established due to an increasing number of children present in these shelters.
The Social Welfare Bureau (DIF) and the Ministry of Education (SEP) in Puebla have agreed to UNICEF proposals for child friendly spaces, temporary learning spaces and school-in-a-box kits. SEP has requested immediate delivery of school-in-a-box kits and school tents for its 70 collapsed schools.