Mexico Earthquake: Humanitarian Situation Report #2 - 10 September 2017
2,133,238: estimated number of children living in the States of Chiapas and Oaxaca most affected by the earthquake, out of which 584,060 are children under 5 years of age.
US$ 1.2 million: required by UNICEF Mexico for immediate and complementary response to the needs of children and adolescents in earthquake affected areas.
Earthquake Chiapas and Oaxaca
UNICEF Mexico deployed three teams on 9 September to the affected areas of Chiapas and Oaxaca for a rapid assessment of the needs of women and children.
All schools in Chiapas and the affected areas of Oaxaca are closed until further notice; children and adolescents show signs of stress from the earthquake and subsequent aftershocks.
UNICEF Mexico, together with the Social Welfare Department and the National Protection Agency, will provide assistance in terms of child protection in shelters and communities, as well as a return to school campaign in the earthquake-affected areas in both Chiapas and Oaxaca states
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
The most affected village in Oaxaca is Juchitan. UNICEF staff have met with local authorities and there is no detailed assessment of damages as of yet. However, it is estimated that there are approximately 5,000 houses damaged, 30 deaths and some 300 injured. 120 schools are estimated to be damaged. There are eight shelters, of which only one is official. There is no information on how many people are received in these shelters. UNICEF staff have detected a strong need for psycho-social support.
Another severely affected site is San Mateo del Mar. Schools are heavily damaged and classes are suspended indefinitely. Children are observed to be emotionally and mentally impacted by the earthquake.
UNICEF staff visited Tonalá, the most affected municipality in Chiapas. The village is now home to 10,000 people evacuated due to the tsunami threat. Schools and sport centres are currently used as shelters, where men, women and children are housed altogether. People are observed to be scared of returning to their homes due to the frequent aftershocks, some without houses to return to. UNICEF will advocate inter alia for prevention of sexual exploitation and other abuse in these kinds of shelters.
18 schools were assessed without much damage. Main needs are advocacy and support for a prompt return to school and to promote education continuity (support through distribution of school-in-a-box and finding temporary learning spaces).
In the biggest shelter in Tonalá, UNICEF has distributed diapers for children under 2 and handwashing soap for each family.
The municipalities of Mapastepec and Pijijiapan (epicentre) were also visited, where issues of psychosocial support and educational continuity were noted.
Another team visited the state´s capital of Chiapas, Tuxtla Gutierrez, and Chiapa de Corzo, where there are no major damages, with the exception of some houses in poor urban areas. The team also visited two indigenous municipalities: Zinacantan and San Andres Larrainzar. Child protection authorities in these municipalities have no resources to operate. UNICEF staff detected a strong need of psychosocial support.
Schools are being set-up to shelter people; however, families have yet to arrive. There are eight shelters in Tuxtla and six in Chiapa de Corzo.
UNICEF staff met with Civil Protection authorities who have identified three remote communities (closer to Juchitan, Oaxaca) with apparently severe damages. However, they have not been able to reach them yet. The Army is said to travel to these communities shortly. In this area, the geographic dispersion of communities makes it difficult to send help.