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Caribbean and Mexico: Hurricane Dean Revised Emergency Appeal No. MDR49001


Glide no: TC-2007-000135

This Revised Emergency Appeal seeks CHF 2,927,000 (USD 2,927,000 or EUR 1,864,331) in cash, kind or services to assist 108,550 beneficiaries for

Appeal target (current): CHF 2,927,000

Appeal coverage: 100%;

Appeal history:

- A Preliminary Appeal was launched on 22 August 2007 for CHF 1,591,000 (USD 1,321,429 or EUR 964,942) for 6 months to assist 35,000 beneficiaries (7,000 families).

- Appeal revised on 30 August 2007 to CHF 2,399,670 (USD 2,049,249 or EUR 1,445,584) for 9 months to assist 108,550 beneficiaries (21,710 families). beneficiaries (21,710 families).

- Revised Appeal with revised budget for CHF 2,927,000 is launched on 21 April,

- The operation is being extended until 30 June 2008; a final Report is therefore due on 30 September 2008.

- Disaster Relief Emergency Funds (DREF) allocated: CHF 150,000 (USD 124,585 or EUR 90,909)

Summary: This Revised Appeal explains the new activities and related budgetary changes to complete the work plan for the remainder of the response to Hurricane Dean. It also provides an update on the activities carried out in the first quarter of 2008. At the onset of the emergency, funding was slow to come in for Dean - as there were several disasters evolving in the region simultaneously. Therefore, spending during the relief phase was cautious. While this prevailed during the initial stages, overtime the appeal became fully funded, providing a chance to place an emphasis on capacity building, increase in logistical capacity and training and workshops for the NS to be better prepared for the next hurricane season.

With the completion of the relief phase of the Dean response at the end of 2007, the main focus of this reporting period was working with the five National Societies (NS) affected by Dean to develop a recovery work plan aligned with the four objectives of the appeal (1) Relief, (2) Early Recovery, (3) Health, and (4) Capacity Building, and to commence implementation of the planned activities.

A consultant was hired in January from the American Red Cross, to do a review of the remaining needs in close collaboration with PADRU, the Regional Logistics Unit, the Federation's health team and the Regional Representation offices. Necessary relief supplies, telecommunication equipment and Tropical Mobile Storage Units (TMSU) have been sent to the NS, emergency container retrofitting and the construction and retrofitting of houses in the most impacted communities underway for completion by the end of the operational period. A calendar of training activities has been developed and training commenced for psychosocial support, using the 'Helping to Heal' methodology, volunteer management, and water testing training. Health education messages on safe water practises and environmental hygiene have been printed and are being distributed with complementary community based activities. Learning from this recovery phase will culminate in a Recovery Workshop to review how collectively the region responds to the recovery needs in country; the additional support from the Canadian Red Cross will allow this workshop to have a regional outreach.

The situation

Hurricane Dean was the first hurricane of the 2007 Atlantic hurricane season. It affected the countries of Belize, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Mexico and Saint Lucia. There were approximately 77,918 families affected by the strong winds, massive floods and landslides. Dean entered the Caribbean through the St. Lucia Channel (between St. Lucia and Martinique) on August 17, while still a Category two hurricane. The storm damaged houses and buildings throughout the island chain and devastated the agricultural economies of Dominica, Martinique, and St. Lucia. Although the toll in terms of loss of life was limited, there was a considerable impact on livelihoods and on the islands' fragile economies.

The island of Dominica was not directly hit by the hurricane but its heavy winds and torrential rains caused extensive damage to agriculture, housing and infrastructure. The agricultural sector suffered a loss of almost 70 percent of damages (Source: FAO). Reports from the Office of Disaster Management in Dominica reported that 771 houses were damaged, while 43 houses were completely destroyed as well as significant damage to infrastructure, roads and bridges as a result of landslides, fallen trees and mass debris.

Dean did not directly hit the island of Haiti, but it brought heavy squalls and wind gusts causing damage in the country mostly in the coastal departments of Sud, Sud-est, Grande Anse, Nippes and Ouest. There were 1,858 affected families, 73 houses completely destroyed and 33 houses lost their roofs.

In Jamaica, the devastating winds caused by Dean left 3,272 houses destroyed, 16,650 houses with major damages, and 18,053 houses with minor damages. The Office of Disaster Preparedness and Emergency Management (ODPEM) and other members of the National Disaster Committee, which includes the Red Cross, assisted the people affected. ODPEM reported 160,000 people were affected and four people died due to the hurricane.

On 21 August, Dean hit Belize, affecting 2,500 families in the districts of Corozal and Orange Walk and the islands of Ambergris Caye and Caye Caulker. At least 400 homes were completely destroyed, while another 1,500 houses lost their roofs or received serious damages. Livelihoods were greatly affected as a result of the storm; in particular the yields of cash crops (papaya and sugar cane plantations) were affected. Some 35,000 acres of sugar cane alone have been rendered unfit for harvesting, with subsistence farmers facing extensive loss of their crops.

On 22 August Dean made landfall on Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula as a strong category five storm. Homes were severely damaged and tens of thousands of people including many tourists were forced into shelters on the Yucatan Peninsula. The hurricane caused flooding and landslides across Central Mexico as it passed over the Sierra Madre Oriental range. 207,800 people were affected in the states of Quintana Roo, Campeche, Veracruz, Hildalgo, Puebla and Tabasco. Five deaths were recorded in Puebla and at least 50,000 houses were damaged and many crops destroyed.

Contact information

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

- In Trinidad and Tobago: Tanya Wood, Regional Representative of the Caribbean Regional Representation, Port of Spain; email; phone (1 868) 624 1557; fax (1 868) 627 9627

- In Panama: Fabricio Lopez, Acting Regional Representative for the Central and Mexico Regional Representation Office: email; phone (507)317 1300; fax (507) 317 1304

- In Panama: Maria Alcazar, Resource Mobilization Coordinator, Americas; e-mail; phone (507) 317 1300; fax (507)3 17 1304

- In Geneva: Pablo Medina, Operations Coordinator for the Americas, email: phone (4179) 217 3376.