WFP’s strategy for Mauritania (2011-2016) identifies three priorities, which were developed in consultation with the Government, United Nations agencies and other partners.
These include: to improve coordination; reduce risk and create national capacity to prepare for crises; and invest in human capital development through social protection. In 2015, WFP plans to provide food and nutrition assistance to 541,510 people to support their food security and encourage communities’ resilience building efforts through the Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO). WFP planned to provide a safety net to about 156,370 primary school children from food insecure and highly vulnerable households through the school meal programme. In addition, WFP planned to provide lifesaving assistance to 52,500 Malian refugees in Mberra camp. WFP will continue to provide air support service to humanitarian organisations. WFP has been present in Mauritania since 1964.
Summary of WFP assistance
WFP provides for the immediate food and nutrition needs of vulnerable households affected by recurrent food crises, while also supporting the Government’s resilience building efforts. For instance, through General Food Distributions using food or cash modalities to assist severely food insecure households during the peak of the lean season; Food Assistance for Asset/Cash (FFA) or food transfer activities; support to village food reserves; and treatment and prevention of malnutrition among children aged 6-59 months and pregnant and nursing women. WFP also supports national capacity building for emergency preparedness and response activities. Through the Country Programme (CP), WFP provides school feeding to children enrolled in public primary schools – or in mahadras (Koranic schools) where public schools do not exist – in eight rural regions marked by low attendance, high food insecurity, malnutrition and poverty. WFP also collaborates with the Government to enhance resilience to the adverse effects of climate change by improving technical services, protecting natural resources and encouraging sustainable livelihoods at community level.
WFP addresses lifesaving needs of refugees who have fled the conflict in northern Mali and seek asylum in Mauritania.
WFP provides food and nutrition assistance, as well as emergency school feeding to Malian refugees in Mberra. Lastly, the United Nations Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) was established in 2012 at the request of the Humanitarian Country Team, to provide access for the humanitarian community in remote and vulnerable areas of Mauritania. UNHAS provides regular air services to aid workers to six destinations in Mauritania. The service is the main means through which humanitarian personnel access people from the capital, Nouakchott.
WFP interventions in the country focus on the eight rural regions marked by highest food insecurity and malnutrition rates. WFP’s operations are aligned with the Government’s strategies for poverty reduction, nutrition and malnutrition.
Operations support all four WFP strategic Objectives for 2014-2017, and contribute to Millennium Development Goals 1, 3, 4, 5, 7 and 8.