Mauritania + 5 more

Emergency Transboundary Outbreak Pest (ETOP) situation update for December 2008 with a forecast till February, 2009



Desert Locust:

Mauritania experienced a surge in locust numbers in early December and the National Locust Control Center treated some 14,000 ha n the northwest part of the country during the month. No locusts were seen during surveys carried out in adjacent areas in southwestern Morocco (FAO-DLIS). Surveys were not carried out elsewhere in the region, but some scattered adults may be present in Mali, Niger and Algeria. Small-scale breeding was reported on the Red Sea coast in Eritrea and Saudi Arabia and scattered adults were seen on the coast of Sudan. No locusts were reported elsewhere in the Central regions as well as the Eastern Region December (FAO-DLIS, AELGA, CNLA/Mauritania, PPD/Addis).


Residual populations from Mauritania could possibly move into northern part of the country, southwestern Morocco and western Algeria during the forecast period. Limited breeding is expected along the Red Sea coast in Eritrea, Saudi Arabia, Yemen and perhaps northwestern Somalia during the forecast period. Some adults may be seen in Baluchistan along the Iran-Pakistan border, but other countries will likely remain calm during the forecast period (FAO-DLIS, AELGA).

(Locust outbreak in northern Mauritania, December 2008; FAO-DLIS)

OFDA/TAG P&P activities:

  • OFDA/TAG, DLCO-EA and MinAgri conducted a pre-workshop seminar on pesticide risk reduction in Addis Ababa in December, 2008.
  • OFDA/TAG is preparing to launch workshops on pesticide risk reduction (PRR) through stewardship network in Ethiopia and Kenya. It concluded a successful PRR workshop in Tanzania in May last year. The Ministry of
  • Agriculture, Rural Development and Cooperatives has since recognized Stewardship Network as a national
  • entity and sponsored to improve the pesticide delivery system.
  • OFDA is sponsoring capacity strengthening through FAO's EMPRES programs to prevent, mitigate and respond to DL emergencies in the western and the central regions.
  • OFDA is sponsoring DLCO-EA to strengthen national and regional capacities for DL emergency and other ETOP operations in Greater Horn of Africa.
  • OFDA co-sponsored assessment and project development missions for locust monitoring and operations in
  • Eastern Europe, Central Asia and the Caucasus (EECAC).
  • OFDA provided seed money to FAO, which helped leverage $1 million from GEF funds and an additional
  • $1.2 million from other sources to develop and implement projects on obsolete pesticide disposal and
  • prevention in EECAC countries.