West Africa Monthly 4Mi Update - January 2018

Overview

In January, the Mixed Migration Monitoring Mechanism Initiative (4Mi) conducted 119 in-depth interviews with migrants and refugees in West Africa, including 44 people in Agadez and Niamey in Niger and 75 people in Mopti, Gao, Ber and Timbuktu in Mali.

Profiles

In January, 78 men and 41 women from 12 countries in Central and Western Africa were interviewed, with an average age of 27 years.

Asylum

Of those interviewed, five respondents, among them 4 Sudanese and 1 Togolese have already applied for asylum in Niger. 28% of those interviewed said that they intend to apply for asylum in their country of destination.

The majority of migrants and refugees indicated that economic factors were a part of their motivation for leaving their home country. 23 people indicated that they had left for family reasons, in 4 cases because of domestic violence, in two cases due to a divorce, in two cases to flee a forced mariage in Guinea and Cameroon.

13 people reported having left due to numerous migration departures around them. 16 people reported having left their country because of violence or general insecurity, nine of them due to the presence of armed groups in Nigeria, Mali and Niger.

10 people also indicated that a lack of services and poor governance in their country had encouraged them to leave. 6 people reported having left due to persecution, discrimination or lack of rights for ethnic, religious or political reasons.

Journey

Those interviewed in January indicated different criteria for choosing their migration route, including ease of access (77), price (63), security (57), recommandations from friends or family (31) or choice of route by the smuggler (17).

30% of respondents indicated that they made the decision to leave on their own. The remaining interviewees said they had been influenced to migrate by different persons: 50% by friends, 24% by parents, 24% by siblings, 16% by other family members and 12% by diaspora.