West Africa Monthly 4Mi Update - February 2018

Overview

In February, the Mixed Migration Monitoring Mechanism Initiative (4Mi) conducted 310 in-depth interviews with migrants and refugees in West Africa, including 115 people in Agadez and Niamey in Niger and 195 people in Mopti, Gao, Ber and Timbuktu in Mali.

Profiles

In February, 199 men and 111 women from 20 countries in North, Central and Western Africa were interviewed, with an average age of 29 years.

Asylum

Of those interviewed, 12 respondents, among them 5 Chadians, 3 Sudanese, 2 Central Africans and 2 Burkinabe have already applied for asylum in Chad or Niger. 34% of those interviewed said that they intend to apply for asylum in their country of destination.

The majority of migrants and refugees indicated that economic factors were a part of their motivation for leaving their home country. 47 people indicated that they had left for family reasons, in 11 cases to flee a forced mariage in Cote d’Ivoire, Nigeria, Niger, Guinea, Senegal and Burkina Faso, in 9 cases because of domestic violence and in 5 cases due to a divorce.

28 people reported having left due to numerous migration departures around them. 34 people reported having left their country because of violence or general insecurity

20 people also indicated that a lack of services or poor governance in their country had encouraged them to leave. 16 people reported having left due to persecution, discrimination or lack of rights for ethnic, religious or political reasons.

Journey

Those interviewed in February indicated different criteria for choosing their migration route, including ease of access (195), price (139), security (91), recommandations from friends or family (54) or choice of route by the smuggler (21).

42% of respondents indicated that they made the decision to leave on their own. The remaining interviewees said they had been influenced to migrate by different persons: 72% by friends, 39% by parents, 38% by siblings, 31% by other family members, 13% by diaspora and 13% by smugglers.