West Africa Monthly 4Mi Update - April 2018

Overview

In April, the Mixed Migration Monitoring Mechanism Initiative (4Mi) conducted 311 in-depth interviews with migrants and refugees in West Africa, including 104 people in Agadez and Niamey in Niger; and 207 people in Mopti, Gao, Ber and Timbuktu in Mali.

Profiles

In April, 203 men and 108 women from 19 countries in Central and Western Africa were interviewed, with an average age of 28 years.

Asylum

Of those interviewed, 10 respondents from Cameroon, Chad, Gabon, Ivory Coast, Nigeria and Sudan have already applied for asylum in Niger. 48% of those interviewed said that they intend to apply for asylum in their country of destination.

28% of women and 8% of men reported that personal or family reasons were a part of their motivation for leaving their home country. Among these respondents, 18 respondents reported having fled because of domestic violence and 17 respondents because of a death in their family. 9 women said they had fled forced marriages in Guinea, Ghana, Niger and Nigeria.

Journey

Those interviewed in April indicated different criteria for choosing their migration route, including ease of access (219), price (192), security (121), recommandations from friends or family (83) or choice of route by the smuggler (35). 48% of respondents indicated that they made the decision to leave on their own. 37% of respondents were encouraged to migrate by friends, 18% by siblings, 18% by parents and 14% by other family members.