UNICEF Mali Humanitarian Situation Report, January – February 2018
• As of February 2018, some 49,771 people remain internally displaced in Mopti, Gao, Menaka and Timbuktu, representing an increase since December 2017, attributable to a resurgence in communal violence and armed conflict in northern Mali.
• The malnutrition situation in 2018 is likely to be worse than estimated at the end of 2017, with a projected 274,000 children at risk to face severe acute conditions. In January and February 2018, over 14,000 children were treated for severe acute malnutrition.
• Between 1 January and 20 February 2018, 109 reported cases of measles, including 49 confirmed, were reported in Ansongo (Gao),
Bandiagara and Douentza (Mopti), and Yanfolila and Kadiolo (Sikasso).
• A comparative analysis of closed schools conducted by the Education Cluster indicated that 7,912 children have lost at least 60 school days for the first quarter of the school year 2018-2019 alone • By end of February 2018, a total of 37,000 people were provided access to both temporary and permanent drinking water sources.
• During the reporting period, 2,986 children benefited from psychosocial support; while 21 unaccompanied and separated children were assisted through individual case follow-up, alternative care or reunification.
SITUATION IN NUMBERS
2,400,000 children out of 4,100,000 people affected (HNO 2018)
868,000 children out of 1.5 million people to be reached in 2018 (UNICEF HAC 2018)
49,771 Internally displaced people (CMP February 2018)
715 schools closed as of February 2018
4,100,000 people food insecure in 2018 (Humanitarina Needs Overview 2018).
UNICEF Appeal 2018 US$ 36.7 million
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
After six years of armed conflict in the north, and despite progress made since the peace accord in 2015, Mali remains affected by a protracted and multifaceted humanitarian crisis compounded by a deteriorating security situation. The lack of access to essential services and limited State presence and capacity in both the north and the centre are driving humanitarian needs. The slow implementation of the peace agreement contributes to exacerbating the vulnerabilities of the affected populations in north and centre Mali. In that regard, main challenges include the slow redeployment of the interim authorities, the difficulties in the establishment of the Operational Coordination Mechanism (MOC) and the delayed Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) process.
As of February 2018, some 46,330 people remain internally displaced due to the conflictincluding individuals displaced since 2012. This represents an increase from December 2017 (38,100 IDPs), with 8,100 new IDPs registered in February in Mopti, Menaka, and Timbuktu, due to a resurgence in communal violence and armed conflict in northern Mali. In addition, over 134,000 Malian people have sought refuge in the neighbouring countries of Niger, Mauritania, and Burkina Faso (UNHCR Data Portal). Around 526,000 long-term IDPs from the conflict have returned between 2013 and 2018. Yet, in many areas, conditions for a safe return, such as security and access to essential services, have not been met.
Humanitarian needs increased with up to 4.1 million people in need of food assistance in 2018, with projections for the lean season in June-August 2018 estimating that 795,000 people will be facing Crisis [Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) Phase 3] and 20,000 people in Emergency (IPC Phase 4). In some areas of Kayes, Segou, Mopti, Gao, Tombouctou and Kidal regions, food insecurity worsened since 2017. The malnutrition situation in 2018 is likely to be worse than estimated at the end of 2017. The process of the Cadre Harmonisé (Joint National Food Security and Nutrition Analysis) which took place in Mali at the end of November 2017 indicated that the food security has deteriorated continuously since 2016 and will continue to deteriorate in 2018, due to an earlier-than-expected lean season and erratic rains. As food insecurity is one of the determinants of malnutrition, the Ministry of Health through its Nutrition Division and in collaboration with the Nutrition Cluster has revised the need for nutrition upwards for 2018. The expected cases of SAM for 2018 will rise to the national level from 162,913 to 274,145, and the expected cases of MAM for 2018 will also increase from 470,000 to 582,000. This makes an increase of 229,000 malnourished children including 111,232 severe acute malnourished children under-5, 489,238 children from 6 to 59 months of moderate acute malnutrition and 45,245 pregnant and lactating women.
Overall, 1.73 million people are in need of health assistance as the health system has gradually deteriorated in the conflictaffected regions in northern and central Mali. Indeed, a shortage of medical staff is reported, with only three health workers per 10,000 inhabitants in 2017. Between 1 January and 20 February 2018, 109 cases of measles, including 49 confirmed, were reported in Ansongo (Gao), Bandiagara and Douentza (Mopti), and Yanfolila and Kadiolo (Sikasso).
Some 908,000 people are in need of WASH assistance throughout Mali, including 788,000 in northern and central Mali. Up to 63% of the population do not have access to water.
Some 950,000 people are in need of protection, including from 526,000 children. The school year 2018-2019, has shown a rise in the number of schools closed (715 in February 2018, from 500 in May 2017). This increased albeit is due to a combination of insecurity in the affected regions, in addition to the already chronic challenges of the education system such as lack of teachers, lack of food canteens and poor infrastructure.