The overall situation in the Sahel has improved since the food insecurity and acute malnutrition crisis in 2011/2012, with the majority of households across the region experiencing stable food security conditions in 2013, according to the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET). Nonetheless, pockets of food insecurity and acute malnutrition persisted during the year, and the U.N. estimated that approximately 11 million people throughout the Sahel remained food-insecure.
In 2013, sporadic insecurity flared across the Sahel, particularly in Mali and Nigeria. In northern Nigeria, escalating violence since May has displaced thousands and negatively impacted regional markets. In Mali, however, the situation has improved significantly after nearly 20 months of instability, although incidents of violence continue in the north.
To aid more than 3 million food-insecure and conflict-affected people in the Sahel, the U.S. Government (USG) provided approximately $231 million in humanitarian assistance in FY 2013. USG support included cash transfers, food distributions, and agricultural, nutritional, and livelihoods activities, as well as assistance for displaced populations.