Sahel 2013: Sector Strategic Indicators (January-August 2013)

Food Assistance response


Some 10.3 million people are estimated to be at risk of food insecurity in the Sahel in 2013. One year after the food security and nutrition crisis in the Sahel, the most vulnerable people in the Sahel are not yet out of danger. Food insecurity and malnutrition in this region present deep-rooted structural challenges that will take time and resources to overcome. Millions of people in the region remain affected by shocks such as the recurrent impact of three successive droughts, and structural challenges such as high food prices, lack of employment opportunities, and an over-reliance on agriculture.


High prices persisted in the Sahel through the lean season, particularly in Niger (high prices of coarse grain) and Burkina Faso (high prices of coarse grains). These price levels are partially negatively affecting the purchasing power of households in the region. With the start of the agricultural season in most countries of the region, it is still too early to assess its impact on the food and nutrition insecurity situation. Close monitoring of affected areas is required.

Preliminary results from the EFSA in the North of Mali show a significant deterioration of food security in comparison to last year, with 70 to 90 percent of the population in Gao, Timbuktu and previously occupied cercles of Mopti being moderately or severely food insecure.

National results of the 2013 SMART nutrition survey in Niger show a global acute malnutrition prevalence of 13.3 percent, which is a slight improvement from 2012, but still above 2011 levels. While significant nutrition interventions by UN/NGO actors followed the 2012 survey results, the 2013 results are critical.


Gaps or Constrains. (Explain briefly the constraints that had to face the sector to meet the needs of population i.e. funding, human resources, security, access, etc.)

  • The lower than planned beneficiaries assisted for the blanket supplementary and targeted supplementary feeding nutrition activities in Mali is due to a combination of factors. Security issues in Menaka, resulting in access constraints, have impacted deliveries and the treatment facilities in the North are not yet operational. Less than planned beneficiaries were assisted under general food distributions this month due to the start of the rainy season and the subsequent inaccessibility of certain areas.
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