Mali: UNHCR Operational Update, June 2017
Mali continues to face a volatile security situation amid growing threats of terrorism, criminality and intercommunity tensions in the northern and central regions.
Populations face important protection risks amid limited access to public services, documentation, shelter, water, education and food security.
Despite significant obstacles, the implementation of the Peace and Reconciliation Accord advances slowly in order to re-establish peace and security in the region.
Protection incidents collected and documented by protection monitoring agents up until 30 June 2017
of 6000 refugee returnees targeted for assistance in 2017 have received cash grants to support their reintegration.
Mauritanian refugees identified and registered as candidates for naturalization.
Update on Achievements
The security situation in Mali remains volatile with threats of terrorism, criminality and intercommunity violence in the north and central regions impacting the protection environment for civilians. Violation of human rights continue to be recorded with local populations facing limited access to public services, documentation, potable water, education and food security.
The threat of terrorism and criminality persists with security forces facing almost daily attacks in the northern and central regions. In the northern regions, the threats of IED, banditry and abduction of Westerners remain high, while the central regions face threats from active extremist armed groups. The terrorist group known as JNIM (Group to Support Islam and Muslims) has emerged as a principal threat. The group claimed several deadly attacks this month including a mortar attack on 8 June against MINUSMA camp in Kidal region and an attack at an eco-resort located on the periphery of the capital, Bamako, on 18 June. In an effort to combat terrorism in the Sahel region, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted Resolution 2359 on 21 June welcoming the implementation of the Group of Five Sahel (G5) joint force with up to 5,000 military and police personnel from the G5 Sahel countries (Mali, Chad, Niger, Burkina Faso and Mauritania) to restore peace and security in the region. It is expected that the force will be operational by fall 2017, supported by Operation Barkhane for material and equipment.
On 29 June, the UNSC also extended the mandate of MINUSMA for one year, emphasizing priority tasks of protecting civilians and supporting the country’s security forces. Tensions remain perceptible between armed groups in the regions of Kidal (CMA and Plateforme) and Menaka (MAA-Plateform and GATIA).
Intercommunity tensions remain palpable in the regions of Kidal, Menaka and Mopti. Since 16 June, an estimated 38 persons were killed during violent attacks between the Dogon and Peulh communities in Mopti region. Similarly, ongoing tensions and attacks between the Daoussahack and Imghad communities in the region of Menaka and between Idnanes and Imghad have raised concerns about protection risks to civilians.
The need to uphold humanitarian principles remains of utmost importance to counter the shrinking of humanitarian space necessary to conduct life-saving activities. Incorporating protection mainstreaming principles and promoting a meaningful access, safety and dignity for humanitarian aid remains key to humanitarian actors.