Mali

GIEWS Country Brief: Mali 23-January-2012

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FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  • Cereal production is estimated to decline by 20 percent in 2011.

  • Coarse grains prices increased steeply, reflecting the reduced harvests.

  • Assistance is needed for large segments of the population

A reduced crop gathered in 2011

Harvesting of the 2011 cereal crops is almost complete. Growing conditions for cereal crops and pastures have been poor in several parts of the country, due to irregular rains at the beginning of the cropping season in May/June which delayed plantings, and subsequent erratic precipitation in July and August; and an early cessation of rainfall in September. The most affected areas are Kayes, Nioro, Yélimané, Diema in the Kayes region; Kolokani and Nara in the Koulikoro region; Niono, Macina and Tominian in the Ségou region as well as parts of Gao, Mopti, Kidal and Tombouctou regions.

A joint FAO/CILSS/WFP Crop Assessment Mission which visited the country recently estimated 2011 aggregate cereal production at some 5.1 million tonnes,20 percent less than previous year’s record harvest but slightly above the average for the previous five years. Compared to 2010, paddy production is estimated to decrease by 34 percent while coarse grains production is estimated to drop by 11 percent.