Mali

Final report: Evaluation of the Peacebuilding Fund (PBF) Portfolio in Mali 2014-2018

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Evaluation and Lessons Learned
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Executive Summary

Introduction

The Peacebuilding Fund (PBF) is the United Nations Secretary-General's fund designed to meet immediate needs in (post-)conflict countries. It is part of the UN peacebuilding architecture created in 2006 at the request of the General Assembly (Resolution 60/180) and the Security Council (Resolution 1645). The PBF became operational in 2007 and began its support to Mali in 2014. As the country’s five-year eligibility period comes to an end in 2019, the purpose of this evaluation is to assess PBF’s results achieved and analyze the portfolio’s overall added value to peacebuilding in the country. The evaluation will be used for learning and accountability and to contribute to the PBF’s decision-making regarding further engagement in Mali.

Country Context

Mali, a vast land-locked country of 1.24 million square km with more than 16 million inhabitants, has been experiencing a protracted political, security, identity and humanitarian crisis since 2012, which has proved to be the most serious since its independence. This crisis has exposed the fragility of the Republic's institutions and compromised progress in decentralization and democratic governance, resulting in the withdrawal of public administration and the suspension of the provision of basic services in several parts of the territory.
The rapid conflict analysis that has been undertaken by the evaluation highlights the following key drivers of conflict: (1) Poor governance and widespread corruption , (2) Inequalities and discrimination in access to resources; (3) Weakness of the judicial system; (4) Religious radicalism; (5) Marginalization and exclusion of the majority of the population; (6) Regional security threats.
Mali is the biggest recipient of donor funds amongst the G-5 Sahel member states with annual support around US$ 1.3 billion during the last five years. ODA funding in support to peacebuilding is significant with US $ 192m in 2017. The main areas of support are inclusive political processes, core government functions, basis safety and security and human rights and the Rule of law.

Overview of PBF Engagement in Mali

Within this context, the US$ 35.7m invested by the PBF since 2014 through 20 projects are an important but comparatively small contribution. The portfolio can be divided into a preeligibility IRF, two phases of programmatic support (the first focusing on the northern regions Gao and Timbuktu starting in 2014, the second on the central regions Mopti and Ségou starting in 2017) and a substantial number of additional ad-hoc projects.
The projects are implemented by UN agencies, funds and programmes, and civil society organizations, in close collaboration with MINUSMA. The portfolio is overseen by a Steering Committee, co-chaired by the Government of Mali (represented by the Minister of Foreign of Affairs) and the UN (represented by the DSRSG/RC/HC). The portfolio is characterized by a high level of diversity in terms of recipient organizations, namely 13 UN agencies, funds and programmes as well as three civil society organizations.