ECHO Factsheet – Mali – 20 August 2018

FACTS & FIGURES

6th world highest child mortality rate

1.46 million people need emergency food assistance from June-Aug 2018 (Food Security Cluster)

275 000 children under five severely malnourished in 2018 (OCHA)

61 400 Malians internally displaced due to violence (OCHA)

138 000 Malian refugees in neighbouring countries (CMP/Gov June 2018)

EU humanitarian funding: €35.35 million in 2018

Introduction

A combination of conflict, drought and high grain prices has caused a food and nutrition crisis that is affecting millions of people across the Sahel region of Western Africa this year. Mali is one of the most affected countries: 3.4 million people are food insecure of which 1.46 million people will need emergency food assistance during the lean season (July to August), an increase of 166% compared to 2017.

What are the needs?

Mali faces an extremely complex humanitarian emergency. The populations of Central and Northern Mali are exhausted by a succession of food crises in the last decade, which significantly weakened the livelihoods of the poorest families, and by the conflict that began with a rebellion and a coup in 2012, involving government forces, separatists groups and radical Islamist militias.

In Northern Mali, where insecurity has disrupted the economy, livelihoods and basic social services, over 1.5 million people depend on humanitarian aid. At least 61 400 people are internally displaced. The displaced people and the communities who host them need support, including food assistance, access to health care and water.

The last rainy season brought below average rainfall. This made pasture scarce which affected the livestock; those who depend on livestock to survive were forced to migrate to greener areas, where tensions with the communities living there escalated. Crops, too, were largely insufficient to cover the food needs and, as a result, 1.6 million people are in need of urgent food assistance. Low production has made prices go up, which means the poorest cannot afford to buy food. Close to 275 000 under five year old children are expected to suffer from life-threatening severe malnutrition.