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Climate Change Profile: Mali

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This climate change profile is designed to help integrate climate actions into development activities. It complements the publication ‘Climate-smart = Future-Proof! – Guidelines for Integrating climate-smart actions into development policies and activities’ and provides answers to some of the questions that are raised in the step-by-step approach in these guidelines.
The current and expected effects of climate change differ locally, nationally and regionally. The impacts of climate change effects on livelihoods, food and water security, ecosystems, infrastructure etc. differ per country and region as well as community and individual, with gender a particularly important vulnerability factor. This profile aims to give insight in the climate change effects and impacts in Mali, with particular attention for food security and water. It also sheds light on the policies, priorities and commitments of the government in responding to climate change and important climate-relevant activities that are being implemented, including activities being internationally financed.


Sahelian landlocked Mali is highly vulnerable to climate.
Already subject to frequent droughts and experiencing significant variability in annual rainfall, climate change is expected to increase local temperatures, the variability of rainfall, and the magnitude of extreme weather events.
These climate related changes are already being felt and have led to a steady southwards relocation of fishing, agricultural, and livestock keeping activities where the population density is much higher, increasing the conflicts between pastoralists, fishermen, and farmers. The recent history of violent civil conflicts is hampering the development of Mali and threatening food security, livelihoods, and local economies. In the future, severe climate change effects will continue especially in the north of the coun-try where temperatures will further increase and rainfall will decrease (see Map 1).