The entire land area of the country is 300 square km of which some 9 000 hectares are covered with permanent crops dominated by coconuts; only 3 990 hectares are considered arable. Practically no cereals are produced, therefore, the population, estimated at 363 660 (FAOSTAT, 2015), is heavily dependent on imports to meet their cereal food needs. Cereal imports for the 2015/16 marketing year (January/December) are forecast at 57 300 tonnes (comprising rice about 26 000 and wheat about 31 300 tonnes), some 3 percent above the high level of the previous year, mainly as a result of strong domestic demand. The Maldives has, however, a very productive fisheries sector, which provides a good portion of locally-produced food, as well as income, by supplying the tourism industry which is estimated to have received around 1.4 million visitors in 2015.
Overall, the food security situation is satisfactory