Description of the disaster
Heavy seasonal rain and strong winds affected most parts of Malaysia starting in mid-December 2014 and continued into the first weeks of January 2015. The rain caused severe flooding in the East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia – the states of Terengganu, Pahang, and Kelantan. The heavy and prolonged rain also coincided with higher than normal tides, which effectively inhibited flood waters from draining to the sea. At the peak of the flooding, more than 230,000 people were evacuated and at least 17 people were confirmed dead. There are no official figures of the total number of people affected, but based on the number of displaced, it can be estimated that between 500,000 to 1 million people were affected, directly or indirectly.
Communities affected by the floods left evacuation centres in January 2015, and schools have reopened. Families whose homes were partially or completely destroyed are either living in tents, temporary shelters or with host families. Communities and local government representatives indicate that they have received sufficient food items and remaining needs are for water, sanitation and shelter.
As of 1st June 2015, MRCS continues to operate in the affected areas, providing relief support to affected communities. While the government has announced that the situation is now in a ‘recovery phase’, some immediate needs still remains especially in critically hit areas such as Kuala Krai.
Almost all of the affected communities have moved back to their kampongs with less than 4 households are still living which is mostly in Kampung Aur Duri. MRCS/IFRC is scaling up the shelter projects with 16 Temporary Shelters completed in Kampung Aur Duri, Dusun Nyior and Kampung Keluat.
Furthermore MRCS/IFRC have conducted assessment in other villages in Kuala Krai namely Kampung Pahi and Kampung Bahagia were there will be interventions in Shelter, Watsan and Health sectors. As in 15th June 2015, MRCS have started to build 23 shelters in Kampung Bahagia.
Longer-term, MRCS plans to do community-based integrated rehabilitation and risk reduction programming in the same communities, including small-scale mitigation, community preparedness, monitoring and early warning, shelter, water and sanitation, health and livelihoods. Existing IFRC approaches such as community based DRR (CBDRR) and community based health and first aid (CBHFA) will be used. For more details, see the Plan of Action.