WFP Malawi - Support to Refugees (SMP) (April 2018)
For more than two decades, the Government of Malawi has hosted both refugees and asylum seekers from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Rwanda, Burundi, Ethiopia and Somalia, most of whom are settled at Dzaleka Camp.
WFP currently provides food assistance to 32,500 refugees in Dzaleka Camp, and since July 2015, this assistance has been extended to an additional 4,000 asylum seekers from Mozambique who have settled at Luwani Camp.
The Karonga transit shelter in the north of the country, roughly 1,500km from the DRC, serves as a transit shelter for refugees entering Malawi.
WFP, in partnership with the Government and UNHCR, is also providing food assistance to populations housed there.
As refugees have limited acces to arable land or means of earning a living, they are largely dependent on food and other assistance provided by WFP, development partners, and the Government.
There has recently been an increase in the number of new arrivals, the majority of whom are from DRC. This trend is anticipated to continue, with arrivals projected to rise and potentially surpass those of last year, due to the ongoing volatile security situation in DRC.
The refugee operation is aligned with WFP 2017-2021 strategic objective 1—End hunger by protecting access to food— and strategic objectives 2 and 3—improve nutrition and achieve food security.
It is also aligned with the Malawi Growth and Development Strategy (MGDS III) and contributes towards outcomes for the United Nations Development Assistance Framework 2012-2016 and the Sustainable Development Goals of ending hunger (SDG2) and promoting peaceful societies (SDG16).
Food & Nutrition Security
WFP food aid makes up around 90 percent of food consumed by refugees living in Malawi.
Although this remains subject to available donor funding, WFP plans to provision of food assistance using individual monthly food baskets, which include maize (13.5kg), pulses, and fortified vegetable oil (0.75kg).
To safeguard the nutrition status of the assisted populations, especially among children under the age of two, pregnant and lactating women (PLW) and people living with HIV, an individual ration of Super Cereal (1.5kh), fortified blended food rish in vitamins and minerals, was included in the general food ration.
Individual rations of Super Cereal Plus (3kg), an iron-rich food with micronutrients, sugar and oil, were also provided for children under the age of two to address micronutrient deficiences, anaemia in particular.