- 65% of population live below poverty line of about US $1.00 per capita per day
- Child malnutrition:
- Stunting: moderate: 49%; severe: 25.4%
- Underweight: moderate: 25.4% - severe: 5.9%
- Wasting: moderate: 5.5% - severe: 1.2%
- Infant morality rates: 104 per 1,000 live births
- Maternal mortality rates: 1,120 per 100,000 live births
- Vaccination coverage: 88.5%
- Estimated number of orphans due to AIDS : 500,000
- 16.45% of the population affected by HIV/AIDS
- Percentage of children of primary school age attending primary school: 78.2%
- Percentage of primary school children reaching grade five: 79.4%
- Percentage of children of school age currently attending standard one: 42.9%
- Education drop-out rates: 12%
- 27% of children (age 5-14) are either working for non-relatives, or spending 4 or more hours a day doing households chores.
Availability of Oral Rehydration Salts and Cholera Epidemic Response
Preparedness Salima District reported 6 suspected cholera cases and Nkhatabay reported one during the last epidemic week. There was no report of any death from the outbreaks.
An orientation session was conducted for Crisis Corps Volunteers (CCVs), who had been deployed from the Malawi Peace Corps to support UNICEF, on cholera epidemic preparedness and response. Five corps members have been assigned to cholera-prone districts for effective surveillance and reporting of disease outbreaks.
The National Cholera Task Force will, on 14 December 2002, launch a campaign against cholera epidemics in the country. UNICEF is supporting the initiative by providing technical assistance and funding for design and production of communication packages. This campaign is part of the activities of all partners in cholera control to reduce the incidence of the disease.
Vitamin A Administration:
In addition to the combined measles immunization and Vitamin A supplementation carried out in August 2002, efforts have been stepped up to integrate Vitamin A supplementation in the emergency supplementary and therapeutic feeding program.
Supplies, including therapeutic feeding kits, blankets, bed nets and nutrition survey kits have been delivered to nine Nutritional Rehabilitation Units (NRUs) in the northern and central districts. So far, 23 out of the 90 NURs have received the essential supplies, while an additional 13 would receive their supplies before December ending.
Training of personnel on the new therapeutic feeding guideline has been completed in two NRUs. This brings to 21 the number of NRUs that have benefited from the training. As a result of the training, the quantities of therapeutic milk (F100 and F75) and medical kit deliveries to the NRUs have increased.
Water and Sanitation Rehabilitation/Construction of water points and sanitary latrines:
Two bore holes for Ngabu Health Center Nutrition Rehabilitation Unit (NRU) in Chikwawa district and Chinkwiri Health Center in Dowa district, have been completed. The drilling was carried out in collaboration with the Ministry of Water Development (MoWD) and the Ministry of Health and Population Services (MOHP). Community-based mobilization outreaches for safe water management were also carried out in the two districts.
Education Training Campaign of School Teachers and PTA Members:
Training on child rights and protection, within the context of the humanitarian crisis was carried out for a total of 735 educational personnel in two major districts: Dedza and Nkhatabay. The participants included 35 district officials, 287 teachers and 412 school committee members. The training is intended to enhance child friendliness and protection during the current emergency. Communication A field trip was arranged for a Norwegian journalist on 05 December to assess the impact of the humanitarian crisis at the Kasungu District. To date, over 20 project visits have been arranged for international and national journalists to increase visibility for UNICEF activities during the crisis.
Monitoring Nutrition Surveys:
A training workshop on nutrition survey methodology, data analysis and reporting has been carried out for non-governmental organization (NGO) personnel involved in the new nutrition assessment. UNICEF provided both technical and financial support for the training to Action Against Hunger (AAH), one of the main implementing partners in UNICEF emergency nutrition intervention. This training concludes the initial preparation for the second round of the nutrition survey in 24 districts, which will take place from December 2002 to January 2003. District level training and fieldwork for the assessment will start next. . Two NGOs, Action Against Hunger and Save the Children-UK (SCF-UK), have already started surveys in four districts.
Partnerships and Collaboration Funding :
A total of $ 1,087,834 was received prior to the launching of the Consolidated inter-agency appeal from: CIDA (331,125); Norway (224,220); German National Committee for UNICEF (87,489); Emergency Program Fund (EPF) (300,000); and 145,000 was borrowed from Regular Reserve (RR). In addition, a total of US $1, 336,077 was borrowed from CERF for the emergency programme.
A donation of US$ 25,000 was received through the Regional Office to support Protection activities making the total cash donation received in response to the Inter-agency Consolidated appeal to $3,537,823.85. From CIDA (191,082); Denmark (105,325); Italy (200,000); ECHO (620, 071); UK National Committee for UNICEF (330,070); Swiss National Committee for UNICEF (160, 257); SIDA (608,224), OFDA (1,099,800), Norway (5999.85) and through Regional Office (25,000).
In-kind donation of 5,000 MT and 950 MT of Likuni Phala (local name for fortified supplementary mix of maize) was received from European Union (EU) prior to the appeal and a total of 36 MT of BP 5 (high-energy biscuits) including storage and clearing costs was received from Norway.