Malawi

Rolling out COVID-19 Vaccines in Malawi Amid Hesitancy and Supply Challenges

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Malawi rolled out the first phase of vaccinations, targeting 20% of the eligible population, in March 2021. © World Bank

STORY HIGHLIGHTS

  • COVID-19 vaccine uptake among the eligible population is slow due to availability and hesitancy

  • More than half a million people have been vaccinated since March 2021

  • $37 million has been made available to support Malawi’s health systems response to COVID-19, including vaccine purchase and deployment

LILONGWE, October 19, 2021— One early morning in August, Priscilla Pahuwa walked into St. Montfort hospital in Nchalo, Chikwawa District, to get the COVID-19 vaccine. She was eager to receive the vaccine and finally protect herself and the ones she loves from the potentially devastating effects of the coronavirus. However, getting to this moment, along with two of her close friends, meant overcoming many barriers that could have made her stay home. When her turn came, the health worker briskly administered the vaccine in a virtually painless experience that lasted all of 20 minutes, allowing the three friends to quickly leave the facility, ready to move on with life.

Working as a receptionist at the Masintha Lodge in Nchalo made 21-year-old Pahuwa realize the importance of getting vaccinated against COVID-19 despite various myths and misinformation circulating in Malawi and beyond. Due to the nature of her work and the risk of COVID-19, she decided to use the opportunity of the available and free vaccines in the country's health facilities.

"As a receptionist, I meet a lot of people every day from different areas who come to seek accommodation at this lodge. This is a risk in itself and therefore, I had to protect myself,” said Pahuwa.

She also believes that her uncle survived COVID-19 because he was vaccinated. “When he got sick, his symptoms were mild. He did not even require oxygen, and this is because he was vaccinated,” she said.

"After seeing him recover, I promised myself to go to the hospital to get the jab, which I did in August. I must admit, it was the greatest decision I have ever made and since that day I have been advocating for others to get the vaccine, some of whom have been receptive and done so."

Addressing vaccine rollout challenges in Malawi

The same day that Pahuwa and her friends went to get the vaccine, her friends ultimately refused it, citing fear of side effects. They are yet to be vaccinated. Many more people like Pahuwa’s friends are slowing down the COVID-19 vaccine rollout in Malawi.

The target of vaccinating 60% of the population by December 2022 remains a challenge, in part due to vaccine hesitancy, but also because of the limited quantities of vaccines and slow uptake by the eligible population due to misinformation. Vaccine hesitancy is mainly driven by misinformation, including the myth that the vaccines will lead to infertility.

Pahuwa added that health workers need more resources for the vaccination rollout. "There are people who really want to get the jab but have trouble accessing it as they have to travel long distances to get to health facilities,” she said.

Kedson Masiyano, the health center officer in charge of Area 18, says that in order to address this problem, Health Surveillance Assistants (HSAs) are scaling up vaccine outreach services to rural people.

"When vaccines are available, we try as much as possible to make sure those in hard-to-reach areas are also targeted because if we don’t make deliberate efforts to reach out to them, they often have to choose between using their money for transportation to a health facility or buying food for their families. The latter is always preferred,” said Masiyano.

Malawi’s Minister of Health, Khumbize Kandodo Chiponda, said the government is scaling up communication efforts to address vaccine hesitancy by working with local structures and leadership to mobilize people to get the vaccines.

Mobilizing more resources for COVID-19 vaccines

In his recent visit to Malawi, Humberto Lopez, World Bank Director of Strategy and Operation for East Africa, recognized the efforts health workers are putting into providing COVID-19 vaccine services.

“Despite significant progress, a lot more needs to be done for Malawians to get vaccinated. This is one of the best ways of protecting ourselves and those we love from this deadly pandemic, and has so many implications at a household, community, national and global scale,” remarked Lopez.

Malawi rolled out the first phase of vaccination, targeting 20% of the eligible population, in March 2021. President Lazarus Chakwera and Vice President Saulos Chilima were the first individuals to get the vaccine. As of October 2021, Malawi has fully vaccinated more than half a million people out of a total eligible population of 11.4 million.

Through the COVAX facility, Malawi received Johnson & Johnson and AstraZeneca vaccines. Vaccination is not mandatory in Malawi.

In June 2021, the World Bank approved $30 million in additional financing to support Malawi in the acquisition and deployment of safe, affordable and effective COVID-19 vaccines. This was a top-up to the existing $7 million Malawi COVID-19 Emergency Response and Health Systems Preparedness Project.

Most of the additional financing will go towards the procurement and deployment of eligible COVID-19 vaccines to cover an estimated 8 percent of the population by December 2023.