Malawi

The Malawi Vulnerability Assessment Committee (MVAC) Bulletin No. 14/17 Volume 1: The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) in Malawi: Findings of the 2017 Assessment and Analysis

Attachments

KEY HIGHLIGHTS

  • Food Security situation has improved significantly compared to 2015/16 cropping year

  • Onset of rains was normal and well distributed in central and southern areas. A few districts in the south experienced dry spell in the month of February.

  • Fall army worms attacked maize in all regions with varying intensity and the impact on production was not significant

  • Tobacco production has continued to decline due to low prices being offered by buyers.

  • Farm gate prices for major food commodities are generally below the 5 year average and are likely to remain so with marginal increases early 2018

  • Nutrition status has remained stable with GAM rates of <5%.

  • Food Consumption is stable for the majority of households. Vey poor and poor households may experience food gaps during the lean period.

As at end of July 2017, the general food security situation for Malawi can be concluded to be good with most of the districts in the northern and central regions being in IPC Phase 1 (none or minimal ) the remaining districts especially in the south were in Phase 2 (stressed). These households in the northern and central districts were characterized by good production from 2016/2017 growing season. Nationally, staple maize production increased by 46% over last year and by 6% over five year average.
Produce farm gate prices are typically low affecting farmers income from crop sales (due to high production). For the current season, staple food prices are generally lower than the 5 year average price. For the projected period (October, 2017 to March, 2018), the prices are likely to increase but marginally - slightly above or below 5 year average on par with 5 year average. Whatever price increases will be due to seasonal changes.

The market supply situation are likely to remain stable this year owing to good domestic supply. There may not be any need for formal for maize imports. As government policy, small holders will not be allowed to export maize, but only commercial farmers will be able to sell their surplus externally. ADMARC has carry-over stocks from the previous imports and are buying more maize from farmers. This will contribute to the availability of maize on the markets.