Malawi: Floods DREF Bulletin No. MDRMW001 Interim Final Report

Situation Report
Originally published
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The Federation's mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 185 countries.

In Brief

Period covered by this Interim Final Report1: 31 January 2006 to 31 May 2006.

History of this Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF)-funded operation:

- CHF 99,826 was allocated from the Federation's DREF on 31 January 2006 to respond to the needs of this operation. Refer to for the DREF Bulletin.

- This operation was implemented in four months and was completed by end of May 2006.

This operation was aligned with the International Federation's Global Agenda, which sets out four broad goals to meet the Federation's mission to "improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity".

Global Agenda Goals:

- Reduce the numbers of deaths, injuries and impact from disasters.

- Reduce the number of deaths, illnesses and impact from diseases and public health emergencies.

- Increase local community, civil society and Red Cross Red Crescent capacity to address the most urgent situations of vulnerability.

- Reduce intolerance, discrimination and social exclusion and promote respect for diversity and human dignity.

Background and summary

In the months of December 2005 and January 2006, Malawi experienced heavy rains which caused flooding in the lower Shire valley, central region as well as the northern region. The flooding affected 37,431 households in the following districts: Nsanje, Chikwawa (lower Shire), Mangochi and Machinga (southern region), Ntcheu (central region) and Nkhatabay (northern region). A total of 1,794 houses were destroyed and the displaced people sought shelter in schools or at homes of relatives living in upland areas which were not affected by the floods. Most of the destroyed houses were made from poor local materials such as wooden poles and mud.

During the same period, Blantyre, Mangochi, Chikwawa and Nsanje districts in the southern region were affected by a cholera outbreak. A total of 852 cholera cases and 20 deaths were reported and confirmed by the Ministry of Health (MoH). These figures could be higher because some cases in remote areas were not reported.

Following the floods, the Malawi Red Cross Society (MRCS) conducted an assessment of the damage caused in the affected areas. The findings indicated that there was need for shelter, water supply and sanitation interventions in all the flooded districts. Red Cross volunteers were mobilized to conduct health and hygiene sensitization and assisted in the registration of beneficiaries and distribution of relief items.

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

In Malawi: Lawson Kasamale, Secretary General, Malawi Red Cross Society, Lilongwe Email; Phone +265.1.775.290; Fax +265.1.775.590

In Harare: Françoise Le Goff, Head of Southern Africa Regional Delegation, Harare; Email; Phone +, +; Fax +

In Geneva: John Roche, Federation Regional Officer for Southern Africa, Africa Dept., Geneva; Email:; Phone: +41.22.730.44.40, Fax: +41.22.733.03.95

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO's) in Disaster Relief and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response (Sphere) in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable.

For longer-term programmes in this or other countries or regions, please refer to the Federation's Annual Appeal. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for national society profiles, please also access the Federation's website at

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