Malawi

Malawi Floods Apppeal

Format
Appeal
Source
Posted
Originally published


Co-ordinating Office
Action by Churches Together (ACT) is a worldwide network of Churches and their related agencies meeting human need through co-ordinated emergency response and common identity. The ACT network is organizationally based in the Lutheran World Federation (LWF) and the World Council of Churches(WCC) and is a co-ordinating rather than operational office.

A P P E A L

Malawi Floods - AFMW72

Appeal Target : US$ 716,076

Geneva, May 6, 1997

Dear Friends,

As mentioned in the Karonga Drought Appeal AFMW71 a few days ago, we now present you with a request for assistance to flood victims in Malawi*s Shire Valley. The flood which occured in early February this year, caused extensive damage to roads, bridges, houses as well as crops and livestock. The widespread destruction has had a severe effect on an already impoverished and predominantly rural population. Besides the 350,000 Malawians, over 30,000 Mozambicans affected by the same disaster, crossed over to Malawi, thus adding to the numbers of flood victims.

Ranked among the bottom ten poorest countries, Malawi in the southern African region has experienced persistent droughts in the last four years and two major floods since the beginning of this decade. The presence of Mozambican refugees till the mid - nineties created a further strain on its limited resources.

The current devastation, considered the worst till date and declared as a national disaster, occured just as the people were recovering from the effects of last year*s floods. The repeated loss of crops and livestock has serious implications for food security and could result in higher morbidity and mortality rates among already malnourished children as well as among other vulnerable groups.

The proposed intervention by ACT/ELDP in Chikwawa District and ACT/CARD in Nsanje District aims at assisting around 4,000 families with food items and seeds as well as providing supplementary food to 13,570 malnourished children.

We thank you in advance for your support.

Rev. Myra Blyth
Director
WCC/Unit IV

Miriam Lutz
ACT Co-ordinator

Rev. Rudolf Hinz
Director
LWF/World Service

Ecumenical Centre, 150 route de Ferney , P.O. Box 2100, 1211 Geneva 2, Switzerland Phone: ++41 22 791 6033 Fax: ++41 22 791 6506 E-mail: act@wcc-coe.org Telex: 415 730 OIK CH

MALAWI FLOOD RELIEF PROGRAMME

Background Information

Malawi is a landlocked country of approximately 119,100 sq. km. of which an estimated 24,000 sq. km. are covered by lakes. With a population of about 11 million people and a growth rate of 3.3% per annum, Malawi is one of the most densely populated countries in Sub-Sahara Africa. The United Nations* Development Programme*s 1996 Human Development Report ranks Malawi 157 out of 174 countries in terms of standard of living. Among the social indicators are population density, household food security, environment degradation and infant mortality rate. Agriculture, which dominates the economy, is dependent on small-holder rain fed crops. Three droughts during the last four cropping seasons and two major floods in the nineties have caused severe setbacks to more than 80% of the population who derive their livelihood from agriculture.

The Lower Shire area in the southern region with a history of natural calamities has experienced persistent droughts from 91/92 to 94/95 and floods in 1989 and 1996. On 7 February 1997, the area was devasted by its worst floods just when the people were recovering from the effects of the previous year*s floods.

The floods caused extensive damage in 233 villages in Chikwawa and 177 villages in Nsanje districts along the Shire river, destroying houses, roads and bridges as well as crops and livestock. Approximately 9,000 ha. of maize, cotton, rice and sorghum have been lost. Besides the 66,074 Malawian families, 6,877 Mozambican families were also affected by the same disaster and crossed over to Malawi to escape from the rapidly rising waters. They were also prompted by the feeling that chances of getting assistance were higher in Malawi than in Mozambique.

Among these figures are 3,796 Mozambican and 22,214 Malawian under-five children. This is of particular concern because of the already high incidence of severe malnutrition in Malawi, as the following statistics reveal:

-About 56.4% of the pre-school aged children suffer from chronic malnutrition

-Demographic and health survey done in 1992 found that 48.8% of all under-five children in Malawi are stunted. The prevalence of stunting was considerably higher in rural areas (50%) compared to urban areas (35%).

-The child mortality rate in Malawi is 257 per 1,000.

The current devastation, considered the worst till date, occured just as the people were recovering from the effects of last year*s floods. The extensive damage to crops and livestock has serious implications for food security and could result in higher morbidity and mortality rates among already malnourished children as well as among lactating and expectant mothers and the aged.

On 16 February 1997, the Government declared the Lower Shire a disaster area and has appealed to donors and NG0s for assistance of food and non-food items. In the meantime, the Government together with NGO*s such as, Concern Universal, Adventist Development and Relief Agency and Malawi Red Cross, has been assisting the people with food and non-food items,monitoring disease outbreaks and rehabilitating/repairing key roads.

I. ACT/Evangelical Lutheran Development Programme (ELDP)

The Evangelical Lutheran Development Programme (ELDP) is a LWF/World Service programme in Malawi, working in close collaboration with the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Malawi, which is a member of the Christian Council of Malawi. The ELDP has assisted people affected by floods and droughts in the Shire Valley area since 1989 and responded to the current floods by distributing buckets/pails from its own stock and plastic sheets received from Dan Church Aid.

ACTion

Location: ACT/ELDP proposes to assist the most vulnerable families and individuals including children in Chikwawa District. The widespread damage to houses, crops and livestock is of grave concern as the people are predominantly farmers and derive their livelihood from agriculture..

Number and type of Beneficiaries targeted: 5,250 people in 16 villages, west of Chikwawa Town, who lost their houses and property including crops and livestock will be assisted with food (beans and salt). 3,971 farm families will be given maize, leguminous and assorted vegetable seeds to capitalise on the residual soil moisture and obtain a quick crop. 3,473 children will receive likuni phala as supplementary food, over a period of 90 days. While most children will be given the food in wet form for consumption at the feeding centres, some may have to be given the food in dry form, as coming to the centres daily would be extremely difficult due to the distances involved.

Stated Needs: a needs assessment confirmed the urgency of such items as food, seeds, tools, utensils, shelter, clothing, blankets, medicine and clean water. However, ACT/ELDP is requesting funds only for purchase of food items (likuni phala 156 MT; beans 118 MT; salt 4 MT) and maize, chick peas, green peas, and vegetable seeds amounting to 60 MT. These items will be procured locally. Additionally, labour, transport and administration costs will also have to be met.

Coordination: several meetings with the Government, ACT/CARD, UN and other agencies have taken place since occurence of the disaster. There has also been regular contact between ACT/ELDP and ACT/CARD, to demarcate areas where each would operate and hence avoid duplication. It was resolved that while ACT/ELDP would concentrate in Chikwawa, ACT/CARD would operate in Nsanje. Furthermore, the flood disaster mitigation agencies have put in place a coordination mechanism to avoid duplication. World Food Program (WFP) ration cards have been issued for distribution of relief items in both districts. All agencies working on the disaster have been carrying out activities in coordination with the Government of Malawi. All relief items have been channelled through the Malawi Red Cross and the Government*s Ministry of Relief and Rehabilitation Affairs so as to avoid concentration in any one area and ensure equity in distribution.

ACT/ELDP BUDGET

Description

Food Items:

No. of

Type of

Cost per Unit

Units

Value Unit
Value MK
USD
Likuni phala
MT
156.285
10,700
1,672,250
110,016
Beans
MT
118.125
9,000
1,063,125
69,942
Salt
MT
3.925
3,500
13,737
904
Sub-Total
2,749,112
180,862
Seed:
Maize
MT
39.71
17,000
675,070
44,412
Chick peas
MT
9.23
9,000
83,070
5,465
Green peas
MT
10.625
9,000
95,625
6,291
Vegetable seed
MT
1.0
6,000
6,000
395
Sub-Total
859,765
56,563

Labour Cost:

10 Relief Clerks at K1,400 each per month for 3 months
42,000
2,763

Transport Costs:

- Fuel:
Trucks
10,500km at 5km/litre

at K8.40/litre

17,640
1,161
Pick-Ups
2 x 10,000km at km/litre at K10/litre
25,000
1,645
Motorcycle
7,500krn at 20km/litre at K10/litre
3,750
247
- Maintenance
45,000
2,961
Sub-Total
91,390
6,014

Administration:

Office services (stationery, secret. service)
3,000
197
Travel expenses
2,947
194
Guard
2,250
148
Sub-Total
8,197
539

AMOUNT REQUESTED FOR ACT/ELDP 3,708,464 243,978

Notes:

*Exchange rate MK15.2=US$1

*The budget does not include USD 40,500 estimated value of the 77 rolls/692 of Plastic Sheeting received from ACT/DCA and USD 7,007 for 1,065 buckets/pails distributed from ACT/ELDP*s stock.

II. ACT/Churches Action in Relief and Development (CARD)

CARD was established in November 1995 as a relief and development department of the Christian Council of Malawi. Since then it has been involved in several relief and rehabilitation programmes which include:

*Assistance to refugees from 1988 to 1995

*Drought relief programmes in 1992/93 and 1994/95

*Flood relief programmes in 1989/90 and in 1996/97

*Rehabilitation programme in the areas which sheltered Mozambican refugees and in drought affected areas.

ACTion

Location: the programme will be carried out in Nsanje district which is bordered by the Republic of Mozambique in the southern region of Malawi. The district is bordered by the Republic of Mozambique to the South-East and West and by the districts of Chikwawa to the North and Thyolo to the North-East. Nsanje district is in the Shire Valley which is at an altitude of 110 to 120 metres above sea level. Temperatures range from 15* Celsius to 45* Celsius and the annual rainfall is approximately 860 mm, which in terms of agriculture is adequate but because of poor distribution and its erratic nature, the advantage is often lost. As a result, Nsanje is a chronically food deficient area and natural disasters exacerbate the situation.

ACT/CARD has targeted Nsanje for its flood relief activities because Nsanje district is one of its operational areas with an appropriate structure in place. This factor was of considerable help for quick and efficient distribution of plastic sheets received from Dan Church Aid as well as maize seeds from CARD*s existing stock, immediately after the current floods.

A Rapid Response Fund of $ 10,000 received from the ACT Coordinating Office helped cover expenses for immediate Assessment and Registration of flood victims, which was undertaken jointly with other NGO's, Government officials and community leaders.

Number and Type of Beneficiaries targeted: even under normal circumstances the health status of under-five children is extremely precarious, which is apparent from the data given above. In times of disasters they are pushed even closer to the edge. Therefore as children are among the most vulnerable, ACT/CARD proposes to assist 10,097 under-five children in Nsanje, with supplementary food.

Stated Needs: funds are required to purchase approximately 667 MT of likuni phala, a cereal-pulses-vitamin, pre-mix. It is a balanced diet which can be prepared into porridge and has been found to be very suitable for under-five children. Funds are also required for hiring a warehouse in Nsanje as well as for transport, labour and other administrative costs.The item will be purchased locally.

Implementation : much as ACT/CARD would like the entire targeted group of children to be given likuni phala in cooked form for consumption at the feeding centres, due to distances and inaccessibility, some children will receive the ration in dry form. However, the mothers of the children receiving dry rations will be sensitized on the importance of ensuring that the targeted children, and not anybody else, eat the supplementary food.

Children targeted for dry ration will receive 11kg of likuni phala per month,while children receiving wet ration will get 0.5 kg daily for five days a week. The programme will cover a period of 6 months from June to December 1997.

Project Management: a Warehouse Clerk stationed in Nsanje will be responsible for stocks and maintaining records at the main warehouse as well as for dispatching the food to different places. At each distribution centre, ACT/CARD will hire temporary guards during distributions.

In addition, 6 feeding centre supervisors, one for each feeding centre will be employed. The centre supervisors will assist mothers to prepare the food for the children. The centre supervisors will also be responsible for requisitioning the items for the distribution centres from the Nsanje warehouse and for report writing. They will be under the supervision of a feeding programme supervisor. In centres where children will receive dry ration only, the distribution of likuni phala will be done by the feeding programme supervisor with assistance from hired casual labourers.

A total of 667 MT of food items will be transported from the places of purchase to Nsanje. A vehicle from ACT/CARD*s vehicle pool will be assigned to facilitate the distribution work.

Coordination: coordination with other NG0s including ACT/ELDP, and the Government which started at the assessment level, will continue throughout the programme through the established forums such as the Nsanje District Development Committee and the Lower Shire Valley Floods Action Group which at this initial stage is meeting on a fortnightly basis to review the progress of assistance to the flood victims.

Evaluation and Reporting: an internal evaluation will be carried out soon after the programme is completed to measure the impact of the project in relation to its objectives. Reporting will be done as per ACT Reporting Guidelines.

ACT/CARD BUDGET

Feeding Programme Component:
MK
USD
a) Purchase of 666.402 mt Likuni Phala at MK 8,500/MT
5,664,417
372,659
b) Transportation and warehousing

- Transportation of 666.402 mt L.P. at MK 2.000/Km/MT

346,529
22,798
- Handling of 666.402 MT Likuni Phala at MK 250/7MT
23,800
1,566
- Warehousing
45,000
2,961
- Staff transport
120,000
7,895
c) Staff salaries and casual labour

- Salary for 1 project officer at MK 9,000/month for 6 months

54,000
3,553
- Salary for 1 feeding progr. supervisor at MK 1,600/month for 6 months
9,600

632
- Salaries for 6 feeding centre sup. at MK 1,300/month each for 6 months
46,800
3,079
- Casual labour
1,500
99
Sub-Total
6,311,646
415,242
Evaluation
60,000
3,947
Registration & Assessment
152,770
9,985
Administration (10%)
652,442
42,924
Total
7,176,858
472,098

AMOUNT REQUESTED FOR ACT/CARD 7,176,858 472,098

Notes:

*Exchange rate MK15.2=US$1, except on registration and assessment component, for which MK15.3=US$1 was used when the money was received.

*The budget does not include USD 41,000, estimated value of the 78 rolls of Plastic Sheeting received from ACT/DCA.

Co-ordinating Office

APPEAL FACT SHEET

Appeal Number:
AFMW72
Appeal Name:
Malawi Flood
Date Issued:
May 6, 1997
Project Completion Date:
December 31, 1997

Project Description: Floods in the Lower Shire Valley earlier this year, caused extensive damage in Chikwawa and Nsanje districts. Since 80% of the population derive their livelyhood from agriculture, the loss of crops and livestock poses a serious threat to their existence.

As children, women and the aged are among the most vulnerable, ACT/ELDP and ACT/CARD proposes to distribute food and non-food items to 4,000 most affected population families and 13,570 malnourished children.

Implementing Partner
Activity Description
USD
ACT/ELDP
Feeding Prog., Food & Seeds distr.
243,978
ACT/CARD
Feeding Programme
472,098

TOTAL APPEAL TARGET: 716,076

*** Pledges can be communicated to ACT by using the Appeal Pledge Form ***

ACT - Action by Churches Together

Account Number: 102539/0.01.61

Banque Edouard Constant

Cours de Rive 11

Case postale 3754

1211 Gen ve 3

SWITZERLAND

Action by Churches Together (ACT) is a worldwide network of Churches and their related agencies meeting human needs through a co-ordinated emergency response and a common identity. The ACT network is organizationally based within the Lutheran World Federation (LWF) and the World Council of Churches (WCC) and is a co-ordinating rather than an operational office.

Ecumenical Centre, 150 route de Ferney , P.O. Box 2100, 1211 Geneva 2, Switzerland Phone: ++41 22 791 6033 Fax: ++41 22 791 6506 E-mail: act@wcc-coe.org Telex: 415 730 OIK CH

Co-ordinating Office

APPEAL PLEDGE FORM

(Please fax to the ACT Co-ordinating Office - Fax:++41 22 791 6506)

Appeal Name: Malawi Flood Appeal Number: AFMW72

Appeal Target: USD 716,076

Project Completion Date: December 31, 1997

Contributing organization: ........................................ Telephone number:..............................

Contact person: .......................................... ..................................... .....................

Signature Date

1. Contributions to the ACT bank account: 102539/0.01.61

indicate currency)
Expected Transfer Date
Other Detailsand Source of Fundingeg Own Funds, Government, Other
................................... ................................ ..........................................................

................................... ................................ ..........................................................

2. Contributions direct to an implementing partner:

Implementing Partner
Amount
Appeal Component (indicate currency)
Amount Expected Transfer Date
..................................................
........................................................
........................................................
........................................................
..................................................
........................................................
........................................................
........................................................
3. Applications to back donors - Governments, ECHO, etc:
Application Made to
Implementing Partner
Appeal Component (indicate currency)
Amount
.....................................................
........................................................
..........................................................
........................................................
.....................................................
........................................................
..........................................................
........................................................