In the month of September, the proportion of households relying on food purchase as the main source of food increased by 6 percent from 49 percent in August to 55 percent. The southern region recorded the highest proportion of households relying on food purchases as the main source of food followed by the central region. As per the results obtained, 66.8 percent of households in the southern region relied on food purchase, increasing from 61 percent in August, representing nearly a 6 percent increase.
Nearly 26 percent of the households owning any type of livestock reported livestock diseases, representing a 6 percent increase from August 2020. The northern region districts recorded the highest proportion of households affected by livestock diseases. Newcastle disease continues to be the most common livestock disease reported by 74.7 percent, increasing by 26 percent between August and September.
Nearly 4 percent of the households were involved in fishing related livelihoods. Out of them, 53.5 percent reported some suspected fish diseases, with northern region recording the highest proportion of households reporting fish diseases estimated at 78.9 percent with all the districts reporting fish diseases. In the southern region, fish diseases were reported in Chikwawa, Mangochi, Thyolo and Zomba. In the central region, fish diseases were reported in Dedza, Mchinji, Nkhotakota, Ntcheu and Salima.
In September 2020, the average price of maize recorded a 5.3 percent increase with one kilogram of maize trading at an average price of MK180.00 compared with August when the price was MK171.02/kg. The northern region continues recording the lowest price of maize per kilogram estimated at MK168.0/kg in September decreasing from MK169.90/kg in August 2020. The southern region also continues to record high maize prices per kg estimated at MK202.80/kg in September, an increase by 8.7 percent from the month of August 2020. Average crop prices per kg for other selected crops in the month of September were MK673.4 for rice, Mk750.3 for Beans, MK727.3 for ground nuts, MK438.9 for Irish potatoes, MK320.9 for sweet potatoes and Mk264.6 for dry cassava.