Malawi: Earthquake DREF Operation No. MDRMW005 Update No. 2


The International Federation's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) is a source of un-earmarked money created by the Federation in 1985 to ensure that immediate financial support is available for Red Cross and Red Crescent response to emergencies. The DREF is a vital part of the International Federation's disaster response system and increases the ability of national societies to respond to disasters.

Period covered by this update: 3 to 28 February 2010.

Summary: CHF 306,365 (USD 295,891, or EUR 202,502) was allocated on 14 December 2009, from the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC)'s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF), to support the Malawi Red Cross Society (MRCS) in delivering immediate assistance to some 1,930 households (9,650 beneficiaries) affected by the earthquake that hit the country on 6 December, 2009. The DREF allocation was increased to a total of CHF 591,689 (USD 570,033, or EUR 397,721) on 23 December 2009 to enable the MRCS to implement its revised plan of action following the second earthquake on 20 December 2009. While the DREF bulletin dated 14 December 2009 indicated assistance targeted to 3,000 households (about 15,000 beneficiaries), MRCS revised the target to 6,000 households (about 30,000 beneficiaries) based on the Malawi Government's assessment results.

The main objective of the operation is to provide temporary shelter and basic non food items (NFIs) to the targeted affected households. During the reporting period not much was done in terms of distributions since all the available tarpaulins had been distributed. The main activities had been the damage assessment, attending coordination meetings and participating in the shelter national task force.

Although there were no distributions during the reporting period, it is estimated that approximately 6,000 to 7,000 people are still in need of shelter material, and the statistics will be confirmed after assessments being conducted in the affected areas.

The major donors to the DREF are the Irish, Italian, Netherlands and Norwegian governments, and ECHO. The Canadian, Italian and Netherlands Governments have made the following contributions to replenish the DREF: Canadian Government - CHF 49,170; Italian Government - CHF 103,949 and Netherlands Government - CHF 23,759. Details of all donors can be found on