Undernutrition and Micronutrition Deficiency are Prevalent in Malawi
Based on Ecker's research, many Malawi households are not getting the required calories and micronutrients recommended by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO). Ecker used nationally representative household survey data from Malawi's Integrated Household Survey (IHS2) for 2004- 05 to determine the prevalence of undernutrition and micronutrient deficiencies. Focusing on five basic food groups, subdivided into 23 food products, he estimated household consumption of calories, protein, and ten essential micronutrients from the consumption information reported by household members in the survey sample. He found that over one-third (34 percent) of households do not consume enough calories, and many households are below FAO and WHO nutrition requirements in vitamin B12 (84 percent of households), vitamin A (65 percent), zinc (53 percent), iron (46 percent), folate (37 percent), vitamin C (33 percent), and riboflavin (32 percent).
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