Madagascar + 6 more

Southern Africa - Disaster Response Fact Sheet #7, Fiscal Year (FY) 2017

Situation Report
Originally published



• Improved vegetation conditions across Southern Africa increase likelihood of aboveaverage harvests

• USAID partners provide assistance to cyclone- and drought-affected populations

• USAID/OFDA provides nearly $1.6 million to UNICEF to help address nutrition and WASH needs in southern Madagascar


• Recent cyclones have damaged crops and infrastructure, impeded agricultural activities in Madagascar and Mozambique, and caused flooding in Zimbabwe, potentially limiting vulnerable households’ recovery following two consecutive years of drought.

• USAID partners continue to respond to needs generated by Tropical Cyclone Enawo, which traveled the length of Madagascar after making landfall on March 7. Assessments by humanitarian actors have identified emergency food assistance, health care services, and safe drinking water as priority needs, and determined that cyclone-affected populations require agricultural inputs, relief commodities, shelter assistance, and rehabilitation of water and sanitation infrastructure.

• Above-average rainfall across much of Southern Africa from December 2016 to March 2017 has improved vegetation conditions and resulted in positive prospects for harvests, according to the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET).
Some households have experienced improved access to food due to the ongoing green harvest, with additional improvements expected during the main harvest in April and May, when average staple food prices are likely to decrease.

• USAID humanitarian assistance is mitigating the effects of drought and other disasters on vulnerable households in Southern Africa. To date in FY 2017, USAID/OFDA has provided approximately $4.2 million in multi-sector assistance and USAID/FFP has provided more than $52 million in emergency food assistance to meet the emergency needs of disaster-affected populations in the region.

• USAID/OFDA recently provided nearly $1.6 million to the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to help address nutrition and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) needs in southern Madagascar. With USAID/OFDA assistance, UNICEF is supporting eight mobile clinics to screen and treat children facing acute malnutrition, as well as constructing and rehabilitating water points to provide safe drinking water for vulnerable communities.