• Tropical Cyclone Enawo affects approximately 434,000 people in Madagascar
• USAID assists cyclone-affected populations in Madagascar and Mozambique
• Food security conditions in Southern Africa likely to improve when April/May harvests begin
• Tropical Cyclone Enawo made landfall over northeastern Madagascar’s Sava Region on March 7, resulting in heavy rainfall and strong winds that damaged crops, houses, and infrastructure. The storm caused more than 80 deaths, affected approximately 434,000 people, and damaged or destroyed nearly 82,000 houses, according to the Government of Madagascar (GoM), which appealed for international assistance.
• On March 13, U.S. Ambassador Robert T. Yamate declared a disaster for Madagascar due to the effects of Tropical Cyclone Enawo. In response, USAID/OFDA provided nearly $100,000 to non-governmental organization (NGO) CARE for the procurement, transport, and distribution of emergency shelter materials to storm-affected populations. To meet emergency food needs of cyclone-affected populations, USAID/FFP provided 168 metric tons (MT) of emergency food assistance through partner Catholic Relief Services (CRS). USAID/OFDA also deployed staff to Madagascar to assess the humanitarian situation and begin coordinating U.S. Government response activities with GoM officials and humanitarian agencies.
• Tropical cyclones Dineo and Enawo affected Madagascar, Mozambique, and Zimbabwe in February and March, exacerbating the effects of previous flooding in Mozambique and Zimbabwe, and causing damage to communities, crops, and infrastructure, the UN reports. Malawi has also experienced flooding due to sustained rainfall in recent months.
• The USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) reports that people in some areas of Mozambique and Zimbabwe continue to experience Crisis—IPC 3—levels of food insecurity. 4 Elsewhere in the region, the provision of humanitarian assistance is preventing the further deterioration of food security, particularly in Lesotho, Madagascar, and Malawi, where populations are experiencing Stressed—IPC 2—levels of food insecurity.