In the short-term, WFP must provide food aid for some 365,000 people who lost their homes in the floods and are sheltering in 96 makeshift transit camps of all sizes, spread across the Limpopo and Save river valleys. The largest camp at Chiqualene holds 57,000 internally displaced persons.
WFP's 20 food aid monitors, already in Mozambique to oversee development projects prior to the floods, have been re-deployed and are co-ordinating distribution of emergency food rations.
When the rainy season ends in late March / early April, flood victims are expected to leave the camps and head back to their towns and villages. WFP food aid will be used to facilitate their return.
To help Mozambique kick-start its local economy, WFP will pay workers with food to resurrect their shattered communities. Projects will include the reconstruction of schools and shops, the rebuilding of railways and roads and, most importantly, the planting of new crops.
FOOD INSECURITY: DISPATCH FROM THE FIELD
Mozambique's floods destroyed crops in communities that were defined as food insecure long before natural disaster struck. WFP spokesperson Lindsey Davies delivered this dispatch after visiting a Mozambican village called Tanzania on the upper reaches of the Limpopo river valley.
"People have started to trickle back to their villages and face the true extent of the damage to their lives. There is a sense of total desperation, grief and hopelessness. The men cannot begin to rebuild their houses as the wood and grasses they normally use have either been washed away or are so rotten that they cannot be used. Women spend hours laboriously picking over maize cobs they have collected from the waterlogged fields. It's a fruitless task as the few edible grains salvaged are only enough to cook one small pot of maize porridge. That feeds a family of five for one day."
"Piles of rotting, fermenting and insect ridden maize lie in each village - the remnants of what would have been a good harvest totally destroyed. Cattle and goats are also notable by their absence. A local farmer explains to me that the crops and livestock are like a savings account, the only source of income in villages like this, giving locals something to barter with at the local market. The farmer tells me he is bankrupt. The villagers need to be able to replant their fields and restock their herds if there is to be any chance of recovery."
Updates from the Field
March 17, 2000
On March 15 , a record amount of food was delivered by WFP nationwide. A total of 221 tons of food was delivered by road, air, and boat to various locations in Gaza, Maputo and Sofala - this includes 163 tons shipped on two vessels from Beira for distribution in Machanga and Buzi.
WFP has delivered more than 2,644 tons of food nationwide since the beginning of its emergency operation. Operating from the logistical bases of Maputo, Beira and Palmeiras, helicopters and planes have delivered more than 50 percent of this total.
With the unpredictable weather, threat of rain and closure of roads, helicopters remain a vital component to the aid operation. WFP is pleased that the UK has extended funding for 5 helicopters (3 Puma, 1 BK and 1 Sea King) for an extra 125 hours flying time.
Road repairs to the Beira-Save road are being made by the Ministry of Public Works. WFP is planning to reposition its Buffalo air cargo plane (currently in Madagascar) back in Beira by Sunday, to support helicopter operations until the road reopens. There is enough food - 'buffer' stock -, in the town of Save to last for the next 8-10 days.
WFP has launched a fresh international appeal for US$34 million to finance emergency food rations as well as the cost of food-for-work projects. The request raises the total funding required for Mozambique to US$ 45.2 million, enough to cover the food needs of 650,000 people until a second harvest due in mid-August.
The new appeal includes US$5.3 million to guarantee the continued use of South African National Defense Force helicopters for food aid transport as well the rehabilitation of key roads and railways.
Helicopters and fixed wing aircraft:
Boats: 109 deployed throughout country
Total foreign aid workers: 2,400 (50 percent are military personnel)
MADAGASCAR: NEWS FLASH
WFP reports urgent need for helicopters and small plane to deliver food to inaccessible towns.
WFP announces that total number of people affected by floods is 469,370, in the east, north-east and highlands region.
WFP Buffalo (small twin-engined cargo plane) carried 7 tons to Sambava, a badly affected coastal town in north-east Madagascar. In total, WFP has delivered 43 tons to Sambava.
WFP makes it first food distribution in eastern region of Vatomandry.
MADAGASCAR FLOODS: CHRONOLOGY
February 17: Cyclone Eline hits the east coast, ripping across the country some 80 kilometers north of Antananarivo. Damage assessments estimated that the storm affected 61,355 people, causing 64 deaths and leaving 10,000 people homeless. 1,500 people are currently living in makeshift shelters. Floodwaters and landslides cause widespread damage to infrastructure.
March 1-5: the Tropical Storm Gloria also crosses Madgascar, following the same path as Eline. Heavy rains exacerbate flooding.
March 8: WFP announces plans to provide 25 tons of emergency food rations (rice, beans and sugar) to 30,000 people in the badly-hit coastal town of Mahanoro. WFP will deliver 375 tons to other towns including Antalaha on the northeast coast, Vatomandry and the west coastal town of Belo-Tsiribihina. Preparations are also being made for a more extensive emergency operation that will reach 250,000 tons.
March 13: WFP charters two aircraft from government and starts airlifts to east and northeast coastal areas affected by the floods. Country food stocks include 650 tons of rice, 180 tons of maize, 180 tons of pulses and 100 tons of sugar.
March 14: WFP Buffalo aircraft (small twin-engined cargo plane) due to arrive in Antananarivo, the Agency's main transport centre for Madagascar.
WFP PRESS CONTACTS
Office +39 06 6513 2602
Mobile +39 348 6099463
Office +39 06 65132623
Office +39 06 6513 2971
Mobile + 258 82 316 644 Lindsey Davies
Mobile +258 82 316 642
Office +258 3 326203 / 301314
Office +41 79 285 7304
Office +261 20 2230 833 / 2278 589
Satellite +871 761 661 746
Copyright © 2000, World Food Programme. All rights reserved.