Madagascar: Vulnerability Assessment Committee Results 2017

Northern Madagascar experienced an extremely dry season, particularly from Oct 2016 to Feb 2017. In March 2017 Cyclone Enawo hit north-eastern Madagascar, causing flooding and destroying crops. The World Bank estimated the agricultural loss at 207 million USD, including 164 million USD of Vanilla.
The price of imported rice increased by 25% and local rice by up to 47%.

An IPC assessment was conducted in southern and south-eastern Madagascar. The vulnerable Great South, which was affected by the El-Nino induced drought in 2016, experienced delayed rainfall, but showed some improvement since 2016: The phase 4 classification represents 8% of the population (142,064 people ) against 20% (330,000 people) in 2016, with 440,528 people in phase 3 (23%) against 32% (515,000 people) in 2016. In the projected post-harvest season, the situation in all the analyzed districts is predicted to improve, although 7 districts will not change classificaiton phase. The expected production at the beginning of the projected period has however been severely disrupted by the rainfall deficit during the cropping starting phase.

The improvement of the situation is likely due the following reasons:

  • Improvement in food availability and access (own production)

  • Stability in food prices (Cereals)

  • Decrease in childhood illness (Diarrhea, malaria and acute respiratory infections)

Challenges

  • Integration of nutrition in the VAA remains a challenge (lack of resources such as funding, skills capacity etc.)

  • Availability of recent data

  • Tropical Storm risks

Recommendations

  • Provision of food assistance to people with severe food insecurity.

  • Prioritize immediate recovery activities in the nutritional and food vulnerability pockets so as to reduce the intensity during the next lean season which is expected to be early in view of the predicted crop decrease for the 2016-2017 main season

  • Continue provision of humanitarian aid for the populations classified in IPC 3 and 4 phases until September 2017.

  • Assist with reconstruction and reinforcement of livelihoods and/or assets

  • Improve the coordination of emergency aid and recovery actions so as to mitigate the deterioration of the vulnerability situation, particularly in the Great South.

  • Prioritize WASH activities in food insecure zones, which can contribute directly to the improvement of the situation regarding malnutrition and mortality.

  • Early Warning Systems

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.