Madagascar rarely makes the headlines of international media, except perhaps recently due to a plague epidemic which was unfortunately not the first in the country. However, one year ahead of a delicate general election, the Big Island deserves full attention from the international community which should play its role in preventing a new crisis which could have a devastating impact on an already impoverished population.
According to a recent study by the World Bank, Madagascar is the poorest country in the world among those with available comparable data and is one of the very few countries whose nominal GDP per capita is today lower than it was in 1960. Socio-development indicators are also overall very low: around 90% of the population live below the $2 poverty line, only 14% have access to electricity and one child in two under the age of five suffers from chronic malnutrition. Unsurprisingly Madagascar did not achieve any of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by 2015.